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Genetic Features of Lung Adenocarcinoma with Ground- Glass Opacity: What Causes the Invasiveness of Lung Adenocarcinoma?

김도훈, 이종영, 유진영, Cho Jun-Yeun,
소속 상세정보
김도훈 ( Kim Do-Hun ) - Chungbuk National University College of Medicine Chungbuk National University Hospital Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
이종영 ( Lee Jong-Young ) - Oneomics Co. Ltd. Institute of Genomic Health
유진영 ( Yoo Jin-Young ) - Chungbuk National University Hospital Department of Radiology
 ( Cho Jun-Yeun ) - Chungbuk National University Hospital Department of Internal Medicine

Abstract


Background: Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) with ground-glass opacity (GGO) can become aggravated, but the reasons for this aggravation are not fully understood. The goal of this study was to analyze the genetic features and causes of progression of GGO LUAD.

Methods: LUAD tumor samples and normal tissues were analyzed using an Illumina HiSeq 4000 system. After the tumor mutational burden (TMB) was calculated, the identified mutations were classified as those found only in GGO LUAD, those present only in non- GGO LUAD, and those common to both tissue types. Ten high-frequency genes were selected from each domain, after which protein interaction network analysis was conducted.

Results: Overall, 227 mutations in GGO LUAD, 212 in non-GGO LUAD, and 48 that were common to both tumor types were found. The TMB was 8.8 in GGO and 7.8 in non-GGO samples. In GGO LUAD, mutations of FCGBP and SFTPA1 were identified. FOXQ1, IRF5, and MAGEC1 mutations were common to both types, and CDC27 and NOTCH4 mutations were identified in the non-GGO LUAD. Protein interaction network analysis indicated that IRF5 (common to both tissue types) and CDC27 (found in the non-GGO LUAD) had significant biological functions related to the cell cycle and proliferation.

Conclusion: In conclusion, GGO LUAD exhibited a higher TMB than non-GGO LUAD. No clinically meaningful mutations were found to be specific to GGO LUAD, but mutations involved in the epithelial-mesenchymal transition or cell cycle were found in both tumor types and in non-GGO tissue alone. These findings could explain the non-invasiveness of GGO-type LUAD.

키워드

Adenocarcinoma of lung; Mutation; High-throughput nucleotide sequencing; DNA; DNA mutational analysis

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