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Cervical Disc Replacement: Trends, Costs, and Complications

Asian Spine Journal 2020년 14권 5호 p.647 ~ 654
Jain Nickul Saral, Nguyen Ailene, Formanek Blake, Alluri Ram, Buser Zorica, Hah Ray, Wang Jeffrey Chun,
소속 상세정보
 ( Jain Nickul Saral ) - University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine Department of Orthopedic Surgery
 ( Nguyen Ailene ) - University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine Department of Orthopedic Surgery
 ( Formanek Blake ) - University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine Department of Orthopedic Surgery
 ( Alluri Ram ) - University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine Department of Orthopedic Surgery
 ( Buser Zorica ) - University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine Department of Orthopedic Surgery
 ( Hah Ray ) - University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine Department of Orthopedic Surgery
 ( Wang Jeffrey Chun ) - University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine Department of Orthopedic Surgery

Abstract


Study Design: Retrospective review of insurance database.

Purpose: To investigate national trends, complications, and costs after cervical disc replacement (CDR) using an administrative insurance database representative of the United States population.

Overview of Literature: As CDR continues to be used to treat patients with cervical stenosis, it is important to gain a better understanding of its use on a national level, potential complications, and cost. This information will allow for optimal patient counseling, risk stratification, and healthcare cost assessments. Several prior studies have investigated complications associated with CDR, but they have been limited by small sample size, single institution experiences, limited follow-up, and potential conflicts of interest.

Methods: Patients who underwent single or multilevel CDR between 2007 and 2015 were identified using an insurance database. We collected data on annual trends, reimbursement costs, patient demographic information, hospital information, and information on complications from the time of operation to 1 year postoperative.

Results: Total of 293 patients underwent either single or multilevel CDR. The number of procedures increased nonlinearly over time at an average of 17% per year, with a greater increase seen in the outpatient setting. Less than 3.7% of patients had new onset pain within 1 year after CDR. Within 1 year, 12.3% of patients reported a mechanical and/or bone-related complication. There were no patients who indicated a new nerve injury within 6 months of follow-up. Less than 3.7% of patients presented with dysphagia or dysphonia within 6 months, infection within 3 months, or a revision or reoperation within 1 year. Average reimbursement for single-level inpatient versus outpatient CDR was US $33,696.28 and US $34,675.12, respectively (p=0.29).

Conclusions: This study demonstrated that the use of CDR continued to increase. The most common complication was mechanical and/or bone-related, and cost analysis demonstrated no significant difference between inpatient and outpatient CDR.

키워드

Cervical disc arthroplasty; Complications; Costs and cost analysis; Demography

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