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치위생과 교과과정 연구 - 직무와 국가시험관련교과목을 중심으로

A Study on the Curriculums for the Department of Dental Hygiene - Based on the Tasks of Hygienists and the Couses For the National Qualification Ecamination

동남보건대학논문집 2002년 20권 2호 p.123 ~ 142
황미영,
소속 상세정보
황미영 ( Hwang Mi-Yeong ) - 동남보건대학 치위생과

Abstract


The present study attempts to examine which courses, among many courses provided by the curriculum for the Department of Dental Hygiene, are needed for dental hygienists when they perform their tasks as both knowledge and manual techniques. It also investigates if these courses are efficiently applied to the site of their practice. Based on the classification of the curriculums for the Dental Hygiene Departments of 26 colleges into fundamental, public prevention, clinical, and education & research fields, courses for the national qualification examination were examined to see which subjects are related with the tasks of hygienists. In addition, a survey was conducted concerning the major roles of hygienists based on the importance of each subject, and the roles at the clinical fields by their age, place of employment, and work experiences. After analyzing any statistical significance in the survey with Duncan’s posterior test, the following conclusion was drawn’ 1. The curriculum analysis shows that most courses related with the tasks of dental hygienists in each field are the subjects of the national examination. 2. Among the subjects necessary for dental hygienist’s practice those with high weights are the courses requiring both knowledge and manual techniques. Specifically. higher credits are assigned to the subjects requiring the mastery of manual techniques. Although the courses for the prevention of infection and for dental implant are the subjects necessary for the task performance of dental hygienists, only part of the colleges have those courses, which necessitates additional opening of those courses. 3. Most dental hygienists are 21-25 years of age, with work experiences of 1-3 years. It shows that their period of employment is short. 4. Though dental hygienists think that they are professionals, they are not assigned professional jobs at their work sites, and they work as an assistant for the dental treatment procedure, rather than do main jobs. It demonstrates that dental hygienists actually do not do their share utilized in the treatment room. 5. The significant differences were analyzed the fields of dental hygiene according to the importance of the subjects related with their roles: 1) Fundamental and public prevention fields are regarded to be the most important by those aged 36 or more, and education & research field by those age 31 or more: 2) Clinical field is considered to be the most essential in dental clinics, dental hospitals, and dental department in the general hospitals: 3) Hygienists with experiences of fewer than 5 years think the fundamental field is the most important, and those with experiences of 5 years and more value the subjects in the education & research field most. 6. In the posterior analysis of the significant differences in their clinical tasks. the most frequently conducted task is the handling of dental materials, and the next most frequent activity is the jobs related with dental treatment. Those who carry out these tasks most frequently are the hygienists who are younger than 30 years of age: working at the dental clinic, dental hospital, and dental department at a general hospital: with experiences of fewer than 5 years. Based on the above result, there seems to be a discrepancy between the roles of dental hygienists emphasized ineducation and those performed at the actual work site. Although these result might be due to dentists’ failure in appropriate utilization of dental hygienists, it is recommended that school education should be connected more closely to clinical activities by considering the needs in the clinical field.

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