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대전에 거주하는 미취학 아동과 그 어머니의 식행동 및 이들의 관련성: 영양지수를 활용하여

Relationship between the Dietary Behavior of Young Children and Their Mothers in Daejeon, Korea Using the Nutrition Quotient for Preschoolers and Adults

대한지역사회영양학회지 2021년 26권 1호 p.12 ~ 22
정인영, 송수진,
소속 상세정보
정인영 ( Jeong In-Young ) - Hannam University Department of Food and Nutrition
송수진 ( Song Su-Jin ) - Hannam University Department of Food and Nutrition

Abstract


Objectives: This study examined the association between the dietary behavior and weight status of preschool children and their mothers in Daejeon, Korea.

Methods: A total of 301 mother?preschool children (aged 3~6 years) dyads were included in this study. The dietary behavior of children and their mothers was assessed using the Nutrition Quotient (NQ) questionnaire for preschoolers and adults, respectively. The NQ questionnaires were completed by the mothers. The overweight/ obesity status of children and their mothers was determined using data on height and body weight reported by the mothers. Multiple logistic regression was performed to examine the relationship between the dietary behavior and weight status of children and their mothers.

Results: The mean NQ score was 58.9 ± 9.7 in children and 55.6 ± 9.2 in mothers. The NQ score was higher in boys than girls but did not vary by age. The prevalence of overweight/obesity was 27.5% in children and 46.5% in mothers. The physical activity level of mothers and their NQ scores were positively associated with the NQ scores of the children. After adjustment for covariates, the mothers in the highest tertile of NQ scores showed a lower odds ratio (OR) for the unhealthy dietary behavior of children (OR = 0.24, 95% CI = 0.11~0.53, P < 0.001) compared to those in the lowest tertile.
The obese mothers showed a higher OR for children’s overweight/obesity (OR = 3.38, 95% CI = 1.68~6.80, P = 0.001) compared to normal weight mothers.

Conclusions: The dietary behavior and weight status of young children and their mothers were closely linked. Nutrition education programs targeting mothers are necessary for improving maternal and child nutrition. Specifically, these programs need to be tailored to the socioeconomic characteristics or weight status of mothers.

키워드

nutrition quotient; dietary behavior; overweight/obesity; preschool children; mothers

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