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지역사회 거주 남성노인을 위한 치매 돌봄 프로그램 효과

The Development and Effect of a Dementia Care Support Program among Community Dwelling Older Adult Men

근관절건강학회지 2020년 27권 2호 p.81 ~ 93
고하나, 박연환,
소속 상세정보
고하나 ( Ko Ha-Na ) - Gachon University College of Nursing
박연환 ( Park Yeon-Hwan ) - Seoul National University College of Nursing

Abstract


Purpose: We developed and tested the effects of a care program for dementia patients among community- dwelling older adult men.

Methods: This study used a non-equivalent control group pre-and post-test design. To verify the effectiveness of the care program for dementia patients, 26 community dwelling older adult men participated in this study. We used multiple intervention strategies including improving understanding of dementia through education, activities for dementia prevention, and promoting psychological change. In particular, based on the current understanding of the care of the men older adults, we used strategies to promote motivation and reinforce strengths.

Results: After completing the 6-week intervention program, when compared with the control group, older adult men in the care program intervention group showed significant differences in scores for the following: cognitive functions (p=.035), attitude toward dementia (p=.026), preventive behavior (p=.007), geriatric depression (p=.013), caring confidence (p=.018), and self-esteem (p=.013).

Conclusion: These results indicate that the care program for dementia patients has positive effects on increasing their cognitive function, attitude toward dementia, preventive behavior, caring confidence, self-efficacy, and on decreasing depression rates in this population. Based on this, we can recommend this program to men caregivers for the improved care of dementia in community centers.

키워드

치매; 돌봄제공자; 지역사회 중재; 자아존중감
Dementia; Caregivers; Community intervention; Self-esteem; Men

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