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간호대학생의 손씻기 실천에 영향을 미치는 요인: 건강신념, 자기효능감, 손씻기 태도를 중심으로

Factors Influencing on Handwashing Performance among Nursing Students

근관절건강학회지 2020년 27권 2호 p.132 ~ 141
전재희, 최은희, 김진희,
소속 상세정보
전재희 ( Jeon Jae-Hee ) - Gangneung-Wonju National University Department of Nursing
최은희 ( Choi Eun-Hee ) - Korean Bible University Department of Nursing
김진희 ( Kim Jin-Hee ) - Doowon Technical University Department of Nursing

Abstract


Purpose: This study aimed to analyze factors affecting the handwashing performance of nursing students using the health belief model, self-efficacy, and handwashing attitudes.

Methods: Data were collected using structured questionnaires in 2018. 223 students enrolled in nursing college participated in the questionnaire, which consisted of four sections: health belief in hand washing, self-efficacy, hand washing attitude, and general handwahsing characteristics. Data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, correlation coefficient and multiple regression analysis with SPSS 21.0 statistical programs.

Results: The significant predictors affecting proper hand cleansing were perceived benefits and motivation of health belief model, handwashing time and frequency, and handwashing attitude. Out of these significant variables, perceived benefits was shown to be the strongest predictor.

Conclusion: The findings suggest that periodic and steady hand washing training programs need to be implemented in order to improve handwashing practices of nursing students. Such handwashing education programs should include content that sensitizes the benefits of hand washing and provides information on how to carry out hand washing in detail.

키워드

태도; 손씻기; 간호; 수행; 대학생
Attitude; Handwashing; Nursing; Performance; Students

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