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장기요양시설 요양보호사의 피로 영향요인

Factors Affecting Fatigue of Care Helpers in Long-term Care Facilities

근관절건강학회지 2020년 27권 2호 p.169 ~ 176
임종미, 조옥희,
소속 상세정보
임종미 ( Lim Jong-Mi ) - Shinsung University Department of Nursing
조옥희 ( Cho Ok-Hee ) - Kongju National University College of Nursing and Health Department of Nursing

Abstract


Purpose: This study aims to investigate the factors affecting fatigue of care helpers in long-term care facilities.

Methods: The subjects consisted of 131 care helpers at six long-term care facilities in Chungcheongnam-do. A survey was conducted between July and September 2019 to collect data, which were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and multiple regression analysis

Results: An increase in fatigue of care helpers owing to taking care of over 10 patients a day, increase in emotional labor and sleep disturbance, and a decrease in economic status was observed. Their fatigue decreased when there was an increase in their subjective health status and job satisfaction. Work-related stress (β=.37, p<.001), emotional labor (β=.21, p=.014), and sleep disturbance (β=.18, p=.026) significantly predicted fatigue. These factors explained 37% of the total variance in fatigue (F=10.48, p<.001).

Conclusion: In addition to improving the work environment, interventions that alleviate emotional labor and improve sleep quality, are needed to lower the fatigue of care helpers.

키워드

요양보호사; 피로; 업무 스트레스; 직무만족도
Caregivers; Fatigue; Nursing homes; Sleep

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