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Neonatal Outcomes according to the Latent Period from Membrane Rupture to Delivery among Extremely Preterm Infants Exposed to Preterm Premature Rupture of Membrane: a Nationwide Cohort Study

Journal of Korean Medical Science 2021년 36권 14호 p.93 ~ 93
박재현, 배진곤, 장윤실,
소속 상세정보
박재현 ( Park Jae-Hyun ) - Keimyung University Dongsan Medical Center Department of Pediatrics
배진곤 ( Bae Jin-Gon ) - Keimyung University Dongsan Medical Center Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
장윤실 ( Chang Yun-Sil ) - Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine Samsung Medical Center Department of Pediatrics

Abstract


Background: In accordance with the guidelines for the expectant management of women exposed to previable preterm premature rupture of membrane, we compared neonatal outcomes according to the latent period from membrane rupture to delivery among extremely preterm infants exposed to maternal preterm premature rupture of membrane using the Korean Neonatal Network database.

Methods: Of the 3,305 extremely preterm infants born at 23?27 weeks' gestation between 2014 and 2017 who were registered in the Korean Neonatal Network, 1,464 infants were born to pregnant women who were exposed to preterm premature rupture of membrane. The short latency group was defined as infants born with a latent period between membrane rupture and delivery < 7 days (n = 450), whereas the prolonged latency group was defined as infants born with a latent period of ≥ 7 days (n = 434). Using well-established risk factors for adverse short-term outcomes, multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to assess a prolonged latent period in preterm premature rupture of membrane as an independent risk factor for neonatal outcomes in extremely preterm infants exposed to preterm premature rupture of membrane.

Results: The mean gestational age at membrane rupture in the prolonged latency group was significantly lower than that in the short latency group (22.7 ± 2.5 vs. 25.4 ± 1.3 weeks, P < 0.001). Nevertheless, the mean gestational age at delivery and birth weight were not significantly different between the two groups. The incidence of oligohydramnios and histologic chorioamnionitis in the prolonged latency group was significantly higher than that in the short latency group (38.7 [155/401] vs. 26.1 [105/403], 69.8 [270/384] vs. 61.0 [242/397], respectively, P < 0.05). The survival rate in the prolonged latency group did not differ from that in the short latency group (71.2 [309/434] vs. 73.3 [330/450], P = 0.478). Although the prolonged latency group was not associated with mortality during hospitalization in the multivariate logistic regression analysis, the prolonged latency group's early pulmonary hypertension and bronchopulmonary dysplasia rates were increased by 1.8 and 1.5 times, respectively.

Conclusion: A prolonged latent period of 7 days or more does not affect the survival rate but increases the risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia occurrence among extremely preterm infants who are exposed to maternal preterm premature rupture of membrane.

키워드

Fetal Membranes; Premature Rupture; Mortality; Infant; Extremely Premature

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