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Two Cases of Fungemia after Endoscopic Variceal Obturation for Gastric Variceal Bleeding

Yonsei Medical Journal 2021년 62권 2호 p.182 ~ 186
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Abstract


Fever is a common complication of endoscopic variceal obturation (EVO) therapy for gastric variceal bleeding. However, fungemia related to EVO therapy has not yet been reported. Herein, we report two cases of post-EVO fungemia in cirrhotic patients who underwent therapeutic EVO for gastric variceal bleeding. Both patients developed sustained high fever after repeated EVO procedures while on prophylactic antibiotic use. In both patients, blood cultures revealed yeast, and they were finally diagnosed with Candida infection. Candida is a common member of the intestinal flora; however, it can cause invasive infection with consequent poor prognosis in cirrhotic patients. The route of Candida invasion is unclear; however, repeated EVO may predispose patients to Candida infection, particularly those who are in the end stage of liver disease and receiving prophylactic antibiotics. Our cases highlight that repeated invasive procedures can increase the risk of fungal infections, and fungemia should be considered in the differential diagnosis of post-EVO fever.

키워드

Fungemia; endoscopic variceal obturation; fever; liver cirrhosis

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