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Risk factors of advanced metachronous neoplasms in surveillance after colon cancer resection

Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 2021년 36권 2호 p.305 ~ 312
남관우,
소속 상세정보
남관우 ( Nam Kwang-Woo ) - Dankook University Hospital Department of Internal Medicine

Abstract


Background/Aims: Regular surveillance colonoscopy after colon cancer resection is recommended for detecting metachronous adenoma and cancer. However, risk factors for metachronous neoplasms have not been fully evaluated. We aimed to assess risk factors for advanced metachronous neoplasms during surveillance colonoscopy after colon cancer resection.

Methods: Patients who underwent curative colectomy for nonmetastatic colon cancer between January 2002 and December 2012 were evaluated and followed up to December 2017.

Results: A total of 293 patients were enrolled in this study. Among these, 179 (61.1%) were male, and the mean age was 63.2 ± 10.4 years. On perioperative clearing colonoscopy, synchronous high-risk adenomas (number ≥ 3, size ≥ 10 mm, high-grade dysplasia, villous histology, and serrated adenoma ≥ 10 mm) were detected in 95 patients (32.4%), and they were significantly associated with male sex, old age (≥ 65 years), current alcohol consumption, and current smoking (p < 0.05). During the follow-up period (mean 74.4 ± 36.4 months), advanced metachronous neoplasms were found in 45 patients (15.4%), including metachronous cancer in four (1.4%). In multivariate analysis, distal colon cancer (distal-to-splenic flexure; odds ratio [OR], 4.402; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.658 to 11.689; p = 0.003), synchronous highrisk adenomas (OR, 3.225; 95% CI, 1.503 to 6.918; p = 0.003), and hypertension (OR, 2.270; 95% CI, 1.058 to 4.874; p = 0.035) were significant risk factors for advanced metachronous neoplasms.

Conclusions: During surveillance after curative colon cancer resection, patients with distal colon cancer, synchronous high-risk adenomas, and hypertension may need meticulous follow-up to improve overall outcomes.

키워드

Colonic neoplasms; Colonoscopy; Risk factors; Surveillance; Metachrous

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