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農村婦人들의 人工流産에 關한 硏究

Study of Induced Abortion in Rural Women

경북의대잡지 1975년 16권 1호 p.87 ~ 106
백정대, 李性寬,
소속 상세정보
백정대 (  ) - 慶北大學校 醫科大學 豫防醫學敎室
李性寬 (  ) - 慶北大學校 醫科大學 豫防醫學敎室

Abstract


Recent surveys suggest that the adverse reactions and incon~renienece of contraceptive methods among Korean ~i-omen resulted in a considerable reduction of the application.
Therefore, many women have gradually begun to use induced abortion for the purpose of birth control. With the broad use of the method, many complications gave rise to the sociomedical problems especially in rural communities.
In order to know the trend of induced abortion in the period from 1970 to 1973, the rate by sccieeconomic levels and demographic point of view and the inf:~uence of induced abortion upon the limitation of population growth, author carried out the study about the rural women.
The results obtained were as follows:
1. The induced abortion rate was found to be 11. G per cent in 1970, 14.5 per cent in 1971, 17.5 per cent in 1972, and 22.8 per cent in 1973 respectively. The rate in 1973 inereased as high as !. G times of the rate of 1970. The per cent of induced abortions was found to be 15.4 per cent by events and 10.9 per cent by the women. In the frequencies of abortions, G9.0 per cent of women f~hperiPnced once, 24 pPr cent twice, 5 per cent three times and 2 per cent four times in decreasing order.
2. The inducd abortion rate vas the highest (16.1%) in the 3539 of age group and inversely paralleled. with the degree of educational levels. The rate was higher in women who are middle econmic level, and the women without religion were somewhat higher than those of other religious women. Regarding the rate of induced abortion by number of chilren the rate increased remarke dly with the increasing number of boys while no difference by number of girls, and more pronounced among the women who had more than three boys.
The rate was rapidly increased those women who ]lad more than 5 children.
3. In these women, induced abortion :vas a major reason cf family limitation, and accounted for 67 per cent of the abortion, followed by economic and health problems.
4. Almast all of the :vemen had been perfarmed the abartian at hospitals; 13 per cent by the specialists in ebsterics and gynecal~gy and &4 per cent by the general practitioners.
5. An approval ta:vard the abortion among the women :;-ho had experienced was more pr~naunced than among those unexperienced.
6. The adverse reactions after the completion of abortions were found to be 30 per cent, in which 19 per cent showed persistings sequela.
7. Regarding the legality of induced abortion, one thirds of the ::omen misunderstood as a legal and the recognition rate of iVICH law was only 5 per cent.
8. It is suggested that the application of contraceptive methods among the women may be the factors responsible for the decrease of fertility rate, and performance of induced abortion among pregnant women resulted in a reduction of the live birth rate.
Therefore, the contraceptive and induced abortion r,~ay occasionally act independently to limit family size but usually their effects are additive.

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