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都市住民과 農村主民의 一般的 保健狀態의 比較

Comparison of Some Health Status Between Urban and Rural Residents of Korea 1972

경북의대잡지 1977년 18권 1호 p.79 ~ 94
김두희, 강승원,
소속 상세정보
김두희 (  ) - 慶北大學校 醫科大學 豫防醫學敎室
강승원 (  ) - 慶北大學校 醫科大學 豫防醫學敎室

Abstract


The some general health conditions of the residents l~et~veen the urban and the rural area were compaired.
The urban group consisted of 737 individuals were selected from a bossy street around the cross road placed in front of the 1~1ain Store of Daegu 13ankn Daegu city. The rural group of 313, from Daemeong Dong and Sanjeon Dong of \amcheon Myeon, Gyeongsan Gun. It is about 30 l;m. far from Daegu city. The above city had about 250 thousand hauseholds with approximately 1.2 million of population.
This survey was made from April to June, 1972. There were no epidemics of any particular communicable diseases.
The data were arranged from a questionair including 53 questions replied through the intervie .by t;he several trained workers, medical students and nurses for this work.
The adverse neuro-psychological reactions, apart of the mood and feeling patterns (Question {Q). 6177) were generally higher in rate among the urban residents. Particularly it was more severe in the younger groups under 30 years old and th.e females than the males. These were statistically significant. It was estimated that introduced .from changes of sociological diversity patterns in time and space of their external environment
Of the gastro-intestinal troubles (Q 3140), the highest ´was 37jo of epigastric burning sensation. {Q 39), And indigestion (Q 38), pcor appetite (Q 31), upset of stomach (Q 35), and so on were followed it in order. The poor appetite and destruction of teeth (Q 36) were more many in the rural and the constipation ~^as many- in the urban.
Of the general adverse reactions (Q 4245), severe dizziness (Q 44) was highest in rate. Havy :Head or severe headach (Q 42) and hot or cold spells (Q ~l3) were followed it in the order. It was not significant of the difference between both areas, Only in the females investigated, the dizziness was more frequently occured in the urban.
Nearly one half of the total replied were easily felt somehow the fatigue on the working time (Q 46) and exhaution at getting up in every morning (Q 4´7). It was more severe in those of the urban and in those resided for long term, over about 10 yf~ars.
Those who suffered from poor health of themselves (Q 5:L) were many more in the rural, but those wowing about (Q54) more in the urban.
In those daily habits (Q 5660), the difficulty in falling or staying sleep at night (Q 56) was many more replied from the females, and particularly, in the urban, more severe in the younger groups, under 19 years and 2529 years.
Those doing regular exercise (Q57) were many in thf; urban, especially, in the groups of 3034 and 5559 years old when the spirica 1 changes could be occured by aging.
Daily smocking with over 20 cigaletts (Q 58) was 17.1jo of the all, and the consumption of coffee or tea (Q60) was 2.3%. They were statistically not significant in both area, but the males. pe~tronized more.
Daily alcoholic drinking with two or more times was 9.6%. The rural males petronized more it, particularly in the groups under 30 years old.
The drinking materials mentioned the above were much more consumpted by the rural students than the urban. I suppose that it was very important on a manner related to the education. and their circumstance
Generally, the urban population were always given any stress and affected by various factors of their external environment. Their psychotic or emortional statement could be somewhat. destroyed. And they could not escape from the spells of complete exhaustion or fatigure, anxcieties, and the risks for health. On the other hand, the rural population have had much more somatic faligure, and to be released from it, they may be looking for alcoholic drinking materials. Consequently, such habit affects the rural students in the circumstance of them.

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