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1978년도 경북지방 우량아 선발대회에 참가한 영유아의 성장 발육상

A Study on the Growth and Development of Infant Participated in 1978 Kyungpook Well-Baby Contest

경북의대잡지 1978년 19권 2호 p.237 ~ 250
원재연, 김형진, 이희완, 정태호,
소속 상세정보
원재연 (  ) - 경북대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
김형진 (  ) - 경북대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
이희완 (  ) - 경북대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
정태호 (  ) - 경북대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실

Abstract


Authors have conducted a study on 222 infants (boy 174, girl 48), participated in Kyungpook regional well baby contest, held in April 1978.
After throughful investigation of the several important parameters including their physical development (body weight, length, chest and head circumference), nutritional status (Kaup Index, serum protein, hemoglobin and signs of the vitamin D deficiency), the feeding history and comparing this with data obtained from last 2 years, the following results were obtained.
Comparing their body weight, length, chest and head circumference with Korean Children´s Growth Standard (K.S.) and Japanese Children´s Growth Standard (J.S.), their body weight were superior to those of K.S. (1.8∼4.34kg) and J.S. (1.44∼3.14kg), their body length superior to those of K.S. (2.52∼6.31cm) and J.S. (2.17∼3.72cm), but there were no difference between this data and those obtained from last 2 years.
The arm circumference were superior to those of Hong (1.15∼l.84cm), and no difference was found between are and sex.
The total mean serum proteins were 7.63 gm% in boy and 7.80gm% in girl.
The Kaup index was above 20 in 19.6% of male infant and 18.8% of female infant, and none below 15.
Mixed feeding was the most common form of the infant feeding, comprising 44.6%, followed by breast feeding in 28.8% and bottle feeding in 26.6%.
About one eighth (male infants : 12.6%, female infants: 14.7%) of the infants showed anemia, using the criteria of anemia as being hemoglobin less than 10.5gm%. The highest incidence was seen in breast-fed infants (22.7%), followed by bottle-fed infants (15.3%) and mixed-fed infants(10.2%)
In about one fourth of the infants (26.6%), there were signs of the vitamin D deficiency including Harrison´s groove, rachitic rosary, pigeon chest etc., and the prevalence rate among the breast-fed infants was somewhat higher than mixed and bottle-fed infants was somewhat higher than mixed and bottle-fed groups.
In 28.4% of the infants supplemental vitamin D was given and 44.1% of the infants was given iron as supplement.
The conclusion arrived from these results indicated that though infant´s growth and nutritional status have been improved as seen by yearly comparison, there are still many area like anemia and vitamin D deficiency, which should be combated by vigorous efforts from pediatrician and other participating health personel.

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