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Korean Red Ginseng reduces chronic social defeat stress-induced mood disorders via N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor modulation in mice

Journal of Ginseng Research 2021년 45권 2호 p.254 ~ 263
이보람, 이주현, 고용현, Seo Jee-Yeon, Hur Kwang-Hyun, 김영중, 김선경, Kim Seong-Eon, 이석용, 장춘곤,
소속 상세정보
이보람 ( Lee Bo-Ram ) - Sungkyunkwan University School of Pharmacy Department of Pharmacology
이주현 ( Lee Ju-Hyun ) - Sungkyunkwan University School of Pharmacy Department of Pharmacology
고용현 ( Ko Yong-Hyun ) - Sungkyunkwan University School of Pharmacy Department of Pharmacology
 ( Seo Jee-Yeon ) - Sungkyunkwan University School of Pharmacy Department of Pharmacology
 ( Hur Kwang-Hyun ) - Sungkyunkwan University School of Pharmacy Department of Pharmacology
김영중 ( Kim Young-Jung ) - Sungkyunkwan University School of Pharmacy Department of Pharmacology
김선경 ( Kim Seon-Kyung ) - Sungkyunkwan University School of Pharmacy Department of Pharmacology
 ( Kim Seong-Eon ) - Sungkyunkwan University School of Pharmacy Department of Pharmacology
이석용 ( Lee Seok-Yong ) - Sungkyunkwan University School of Pharmacy Department of Pharmacology
장춘곤 ( Jang Choon-Gon ) - Sungkyunkwan University School of Pharmacy Department of Pharmacology

Abstract


Background: A chronic social defeat stress (CSDS) model has been proposed as relevant to stress-induced behavioral change in humans. In this study, we examined the effect of Korean Red Ginseng (KRG) on CSDS-induced mood disorders and protein expression in an animal model.

Methods: To evaluate the effect of KRG on social defeat stress, test mice were exposed in the resident aggressor's home cage compartment for 14 days beginning 1 h after KRG treatment (10, 20, and 40 mg/kg, per oral (p.o.)). After the exposure, behavioral tests to measure anxiety, social interaction, and depression-like behavior were performed. To investigate the underlying mechanism, N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor expression levels in CSDS-induced mice were evaluated using Western blot analysis.

Results: CSDS induced anxiety-like behaviors by decreasing central activity in the open-field test and open-arm approach in the elevated plus maze test and led to social avoidance behavior in the social interaction test. CSDS mice showed upregulated NR1, NR2A, and NR2B expression in the hippocampus. KRG 20 and 40 mg/kg ameliorated anxiety-like activities and KRG 20 mg/kg alleviated social avoidance by decreasing time in the corner zone. KRG treatment recovered CSDS-induced NR1, NR2A, and NR2B protein levels in the hippocampus.

Conclusion: These results indicate that KRG has a therapeutic effect on CSDS-induced mood disorder by alleviating N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor overexpression in the hippocampus.

키워드

Anxiety; Chronic social defeat stress; Korean Red ginseng; NMDA receptor; Social avoidance

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