잠시만 기다려 주세요. 로딩중입니다.

都市地域의 出生率 및 死亡率에 關한 硏究

An Introduction to the Birth and Death Rates Studies in an Urban Area

공중보건잡지 1965년 2권 1호 p.157 ~ 163
소속 상세정보
權彛赫/Kwon, E Hyock 金泰龍/高應麟/朴亨鍾/具燾書/Kim, Tae Ryong/Ko, Ung Ring/Park, Hyung Jong/Koo, Do Suo

Abstract

Ⅰ. Methods Used in the Study
A. Those Who Were Investigated
Out of a total 402 Tongs within Sungdong Gu, one of the nine districts in Seoul Special City, 134 Tongs were selected through systematic random sampling method and the entire or 17,660 households within the sample Tongs were covered by this survey, during the period from 1 March to 30 September 1965.
1. Distribution of the Sampled Population by Age and Sex
The total population sampled can be broken down into 46,233 males and 46,372 females, as shown in Table 1. By age, those belonging to the 5-9 group rated 16.7 per cent of the total or highest, while those up to 14 years of age comprised 42.4 per cent of the total. Those in ages 15-49, or in reproductive ages, constituted 50 per cent of the total, with both sexes combined.
2. Comparison Between Age Distributions of the Sample and of the Total Population in Sungdong Gu Comparison between the age distributions of the sample population numbering 92,605 and of the total population of Sungdong Gu numbering 499,848(based on 1964 Census) did not reveal any difference of significance, as seen in Table 2 and Figure 1.
B. Method of Survey
A total 23 professional field interviewers visited every households in the sample Tongs. Schedules were filled out at homes of the interviewees by the field enumeraters. The items of investigation included number of family members and number of births, infant deaths, total deaths, place of delivery and place of death falling into the three year pericd from 1962 to 1964. The field survey was carried out during the 8 month period from 1 March to 30 September 1965.
Ⅱ. Findings
A. Family Size
Table 3 contains the data relative to the size of families. The size of families ranged from 1 to 15, while the families with 5 members comprised 18.8 per cent or rated highest of all the other groups, followed by families with 4 members rating 17.2 per cent of the total. The mean has been computed at 5.7, the standard deviation being 1.9.
B. Infant Mortality
The numbers of births and infant deaths taking place during the three year period from 1962 to 1964 are contained in Table 4. The infant death rates based on the above data are introduced below:
1. Infant Death rate
The infant death rates figured out in accordance with the formula
Infant death rate=?
for the years 1962, 1963 and 1964 are 35.2, 30.8 and 42.2 respectively.
The average infant death rate according to formula
Average infant death rate=??(수학기호 입력불가능)
was 35.5 Generally, the infant death rates for the male were higher than that for the female.
2. Separation Factor
The separation factors computed on the basis of formula
??(수학기호)
are contained in Table 6. The proportion of those who were born in 1961 and died in 1962 to the total number of infant deaths in 1962 was 30.5 per cent, the same of those born in the years 1962 and 1963 to the total numbers of deaths taking place in the following years being 23.4 per cent and 26.1 pe cent respectively.
3. Crude Birth and Death Rates
The figures related to the total births and total deaths taking place during the three years from 1962 to 1964 are given by Table 7, while Table 8 contains the base populations by year, which have been computed on the basis of the sample population as of the time of the investigation, numbering 92,605(those born in the year 1965 are excluded) with adjustment by deduction of those born and addition of those who died in the years in question. Based on Tables 7 and 8 crude birth and death rates and the difference or the natural increase rate have been computed as shown in Table 9. According to this Table, the crude birth rate for the 3 year period in question was 35.3, the crude death rate 8.1, the natural increase rate being 27.2.
4. Places of Delivery and Death
The places of deliveries for 2,555 infants can be broken down as in Table 10, by which deliveries at homes rated 84.4 per cent, at hospitals 13.9 per cent and at midwives´ offices 1.7 per cent. The cases in which the services of a doctor or a midwife had been secured rated 23.2 per cent.
Table 11 contains the information on the place of deaths for 95 infants; namely, at hospitals rated 11.6 per cent, at homes rating 88.4 per cent.
Ⅲ. Summary of the Findings
1. Mean for the number of members of families was 5.7 the standard deviation being 1.9.
2. Infant death rates for the years 1962, 1963 and 1964 were 35.2. 30.8 and 42.2, respectively, mean for the three year period being 35.5. Separation factors related to the infant deaths rated 30.5 per cent in 1962, 23.4 per cent in 1963 and 26.1 per cent in 1964.
3. Crude birth and death rates for the three year period were 35.3 and 8.1 respectively, the natural increase rate being 27.2.
4. Home deliveries rated 84.4 per cent, hospital deliveries 13.9 per cent and deliveries at midwife´s offices 1.7 per cent. About 23 per cent of the total deliveries had been looked after by either doctors rated 88.4 per cent for the homes and 11.6 per cent for the hospitals.

키워드

원문 및 링크아웃 정보

등재저널 정보