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出産抑制에 關한 硏究

Studies on the Control of the Fertility

공중보건잡지 1966년 3권 1호 p.43 ~ 59
이성희,
소속 상세정보
이성희 (  ) - 서울대학교 의과대학 예방학교실

Abstract


In order to ascertain the efficacy of the family planning program in the rural and semi-urban areas the Author conducted a series surveys from 25 May to 30 June 1964 towards 4,554 households. The following are the major findings obtained through this study.
1. The "ideal" ages for the first deliveries were represented by 25-26 year group as being the most frequent. More women among those in 1934 age group viewed 2 sons as ideal, while more women among those in 35-49 year group did 3 sons. The most frequently mentioned "Ideal" number of daughter was 1 among the 19-29 year group and 2 among the 30-49 year group.
2. The "ideal" pregnancy interval turned cut to be 4 years most frequently among the women in all age groups, while the "ideal" ages for quitting to be pregnant ranged from 35 to 36 years more frequently than others among the respondents failing in all age groups.
3. The contraceptive methods most favorably accepted by the respondents were that of condoms and foam tablets. The rate for not practicing any method averaged 84.5 percent throughout all age groups.
4. Regardless of the urban-rural difference of the respondents´ native places, those women approving family planning rated 93.7 Percent or above.
5. The rates of approving family planning climbed with the increase in the economic status of the respondents. The rates of disapproving family planning remained about 10 percent, with some if not significant difference by the difference in economic status of the respondents.
6. The "ideal" age for first marriage for women ranged from 23 years to 24 years most frequently regardless of the educational background of the respondents. The "ideal" age for quitting to be pregnant ranged from 35 to 36 years most frequently regardless of the educational standard of the respondents.
7. Difference, however, in the "ideal" family sizes was noticed by different educational background of the respondents : Among the illiterates, 3 was the most frequent "ideal" number of sons, while 2 was the same with the women with backgrounds of primary, middle and high school education. The illiterates viewed 2 daughters as "ideal" , while the respondents with backgrounds of primary school of higher expressed their ideals being 1 daughter.
8. The occupation of the respondent´s husband did not seem to be related to the "ideal" age for first delivery. Throughout all occupations, 2 was the most frequently expressed "ideal" number of sons, while 1 was the same for daughter.
9. Those who approved family planning rated 61.9 percent of the respondents whose husbands were Catholics, while the same rated 70.0 percent or more among those belonging to other religious groups. Those who opposed family planning rated 9.4 percent among the Catholic respondents, while the rate was as low as 2.8 percent among those in order religious affiliation. Religion did not seem to affect the practice rate.

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