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韓國家族計劃實踐率의 推移 (1965-1967)

The Trend of Family Planning Practice in Korea

공중보건잡지 1969년 6권 2호 p.281 ~ 292
박성철,
소속 상세정보
박성철 (  ) - 서울대학교 보건대학원

Abstract


The following summary is from an analysis of time trends of contraceptive practice with Korean women(774 women were interviewed in 1965, 914 in 1966, and 1016 in 1967).
1. Time trends in contraceptive practice:
The percent of women who have ever practiced contraception has risen steadily since 1965, from 22.4% to 27.2% to 28.0% among all eligible women in 1965, 1966 and 1967 respectively.
2. Trends in contraceptive practiced by age:
The highest level of contraception occurs in the 35-39 age group in 1966 and 1967 but in the 40-44 age group in 1965. The pattern in toward younger women.
3. Trends in contraceptive practice by level of education:
The higher their level of education, the more likely women are to practice contraception is both urban and rural areas. At all levels of education, however, practice in rural areas has become as high as in urban areas.
4. Trends in contraceptive practice by religionr:
Christian, Buddhist and non-religious women have gradually increased contraceptive practice, while Catholics and Confucians have grdually declined in their practice ratios. Religion itself may probably be a very minor factor in substantiating behavioral changes.
5. Trends in contraceptive practice by number of living children:
The mean of living children among "ever-practicing" women was 4.0,4.2 and 4.1 in 1965, 1966 and 1967 respectively, while the mean of number of living children among all respondents was 3.5, 3.4 and 3.4 in these years. Thus practicers remain the more fertile women.
6. Trends in contraceptive practice by age at first marriage:
The higher the age at first marriage, the lower the practice ratio: with women
marrieed under age 20 showing the highest ratio of practice. This is probably due to the fact that the age of marriage has been increasing recently, with women married at above age 20 still too young to practice much family planning.
7. Trends in contraceptive practice by duration of marriage:
Practice ratios increase with duration of marriage since they increase high with parity. More women have practiced in urban areas where marriage duration was short.
8. Trends in contraceptive practice by frequency of induced abortion:
The mean frequency of induced abortion for "everpracticing" woman was 0.6 and 0.7 in 1965, 1966 and 1967 respectively. On the other hand, all respondents showed rates of 0.2 and 0.3.
9. Trends in contraceptive practice by ideal family size:
The mean ideal family size for ever-practicing women was 3.8 through 1967: while 3.9 was the mean among all respondents.
10. Trends in contraceptive practice by registration status:
Among those currently practing women, registered women were 63.8%, 67.6%, 67.2% in 1965, 1966 and 1967 respectively.

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