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韓國婦人의 人工流産現況 및 推移에 關한 硏究

Trends in Induced A bortion in Korea

공중보건잡지 1970년 7권 1호 p.542 ~ 551
임재은,
소속 상세정보
임재은 ( Im Chea-Eun ) - 서울대학교 보건대학원

Abstract


In the 1968 Fertility Survey a stratified random sample of 7,497 married women under age 45 were interviewed about their fertility histories including abortion experience. The main findings regarding abortion were :
1. Of the 7,497 married women interviewed, 1,107(14.8% ) had experienced at least one induced abortion. By age, the highest proportion having had abortions were women 35-39(13.2% ), followed by those 40-44(16.9%). The higher rate among younger women shows that abortions have been increasing in the recent past. By area of residence, the proportion of urban women experiencing induced abortions (23.9% ) was 2½ times the proportion among rural women (9.3%).
2. 54.2% of women with abortion had experience only one abortion, while 23.9% had two and 21.9% had three or more abortions. Urban women had proportionately more abortions each than rural women.
3. Among all women in the sample, the mean number of pregnancies was 4.5, while the mean number of live-births was 4.0. Pregnancy wastage thus occurred 0.5 times per women. By residence, the number of pregnancies per woman 0.6 higher in rural areas (4.7 pregnancies per woman in rural areas and 4.1 in urban areas), but the number of live births was higher by 1.0 in rural areas (rural 4.4,urban 3.4)
4. Including all reported pregnancies the mean number of induced abortions per 100 live births was 7.0, rising to 10.5 among women 35-39 and 10.0 among women 30-34, as against 6.1 among women 40-44. This again illustrates the recency of the abortion increase. The proportion was 5 times higher among urban women than among rural women (15.4 and 3.2 respectively) and suggests more careful use of contraception among rural women.
5. Over the past 5 years the proportion of women reporting induced abortion experience has doubled (from 7% in 1964 to 15% in 1968). Among rural women the proportion has been rising rather steadily, from 4% in 1964 to 9% in 1968. However among urban women the proportion may have peaked. It rose from 15% in 1964 to 28% in 1967 but was 24% in 1968.
6. The number of abortions per 100 live births each year, as reported in tile 1968 survey, also shows a continued increase among rural women and a levelling among urban women since 1966 (figure 1). Since 1966 urban women have aborted 1 out of 3 pregnancies, while rural women now abort 1 out of 7 pregnancies.
7. The abortion rate increased among women at all parity levels from 1962 to 1966, and has continued to increase at most parity levels since that time. Of women whose 4th or 5th pregnancy occurred in 1968, 20% aborted nation-wide as did 45% of women experiencing their 6th or later pregnancy. Among urban women pregnant in 1968 the percentages were 31% of 4th or 5th pregnancies aborted, and 60% of higher pregnancies aborted, compared to 15% and 25% respectively among rural women.

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