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一部 都市住民의 漢方醫療 利用實態에 關한 調査硏究

A Study on the Utilization Status of Oriental Medicine by Some Urban Citizens

공중보건잡지 1971년 8권 1호 p.1 ~ 13
이수호,
소속 상세정보
이수호 (  ) - 서울대학교 보건대학원

Abstract


In order to study the Utilization Status of Oriental Medicine by Some Urban Citizens, surveys were conducted during a ten-day period of July 25 to August 3,1970. on the heads of 1,281 households living in Hoegi-dong, Dongdaemoon-ku, Special City of Seoul. Interviews were made with the heads of 1,203 households or 93.9 per cent of the total number of surveyed households. The results of the summarized as follows;
1) As for the distribution of ages the group of people, at the ages of 31 to 40 constituted 32.6 per cent or the greatest proportion. The second largest group or 28.0 per cent was constituted by people at the ages of 21 to 30, and the third group or 17.5 per cent by people at the ages of 41 to 50. The smallest constitution or 4.7 per cent was for 15 to 20-year-old people.
2) By occupation, 40.7 per cent or the greatest proportion was constituted by unemployed people, 16.4 per cent or the second greatest proportion by those engaged in commerce, the third group or 13.3 per cent by government employees, and the smallest group or 0.7 per cent by military personnel.
3) By education, 34.3 per cent or the greatest proportion was constituted by high school graduates,24.2 per cent or the second largest proportion by college graduates, and 18.8 per cent or the smallest group was constituted by illiterates.
4) By living standard, 36.9 per cent or the greatest proportion was constituted by people with monthly income or ₩10.000 to ₩30.000. 33.6 per cent or the second largest proportion by those with monthly income of ₩30.000 to ₩50.000, 22.3 per cent or the third proportion by those with monthly income of ₩50,000 or more, and the smallest proportion or 7.2 per cent by those with monthly income or less than ₩10,000.
5) As for the degree of recognition of the efficacy of Oriental Medicine by age group, 27.9 per cent of people at the ages of 21 to 30 or the greatest proportion said, "It cures neuralgia well". The second greatest proportion or 27.0 per cent of people at the ages of 41 to 50 said, "It cures diseases of digestive organ well". The third proportion of 14.3 per cent of people at the ages of 31 to 40 said, "It cures gynecological diseases well". The smallest proportion or 1.7 per cent of people at the ages of 51 to 60 said, "It cures psychiatric diseases well".
6) The degree of recognition of the efficacy of Oriental Medicine by the degree of education was follows;
The greatest proportion or 37.7 per cent of people who can barely read and write Korean said,"Oriental Medicine cures diseases of digestive organs well". The second proportion or 29.8 per cent of high school graduates said, "It cures neuralgia well". The third proportion or 27.5 per cent of college graduates said, "It cures neuralgia well" None of illiterates said, "It cures psychiatric diseases well".
7) The greatest proportion or 58.5 per cent of the pollees recommended the use of tonic herb medicine for children. The second greatest proportion or 16.9 per cent recommended its use for aged people. The third proportion or 14.0 per cent recommended its use in the prime of life. The smallest proportion or 2.8 per cent recommended its use infants immediately after birth. The greatest proportion or 73.2 per cent of these who recommanded the use of tonic herb medicine for school children preferred to use it in normal healthy days, while 19.5 per cent preferred to use it during recuperation, 4.1 per cent during examination days, and 3.2 per cent during sick days.
8) As for popular for herb treatment, 11.1 per cent want it, while 30.9 per cent were undetermined. The 11.1 per cent who wanted herb treatment consisted of 12.8 per cent high school graduates, 12.4 per cent of college graduates, 9.7 per cent of middle school graduates, 9.1 per cent of illiterates, and 8.8 per cent of primary school graduates.
9) By age group, the older people were, the more of them used herb medicine and and underwent acupunctural treatment.
10) By occupation, the greatest proportion or 83.3 per cent or those engaged in medical or therapeutical professions used herb medicine. The second greatest proportion or 70.6 per cent of those running or engaged in rooming and resturant businesses used it. The third proportion or 66.7 percent or unemployed people used it. None of the military personnel used it. Acupunctural treatment was utilized by the greatest proportion or 58.8 per cent or those running or engaged in rooming and resturant businesses, by the second greatest proportion or 58.4 per cent of those engaged in medical and therapeutical professions, and y the third proportion or those engaged in miscellaneous businesses. The smallest proportion or 12.5 per cent of military personnel utilized it.
11) By degree of eduation, herb medicine has been taken by the greatest proportion or 75.8 per cent of illiterates, by the second greatest proportion or 73.9 per cent of those who can barely read and write Korean, and by the third proportion 69.4 per cent of college graduates. The smallest proportion was 50.4 per cent of middle school graduates, who have ever taken herb medicine. Acupunctural treatment has ever been tried by the greatest proportion or 75.8 per cent of illiterates, by the second largest proportion or 63.8 per of those who can barely read and write Korean, and the third proportion or 55.6 per cent or primary school graduates. The smallest proportion or 39.5 per cent accounted for high school graduates.
12) By living standard, the higher the living standard was the smaller proportion of people took herb medicine or restored to acupunctural treatment.
13) According to answeres given to question on the motivation of choosing herb medicine, the greatest proportion or 75.0 per cent of people, 61 or more years old, said, "I chose it in order to cure disease". Meanwhile, the smallest proportion or 44.0 per cent of those at the ages of 15 to 20 gave the same answer.
14) The greatest proportion of military personnel utilized hospital while the greatest proportion of government employees utilized pharmacies, and the greatest proportion of people engaged in midical and therapeutical professions utilized either both regular clinics and herb medicine clinics or both herb medicine clinics and the greatest proportion of students utilized herb pharmacies.
15) The greatest proportion of people who can barely read and write Korean utilized hospitals and regular clinics, the greatest proportion of primary school graduates utilized regular pharmacies. The greatest proportion of illiterates utilized both regular clinics and herb medicine clinics. The greatest proportion of college graduates utilized oriental medicine clinics. The greatest proportion of illiterates utilized herb pharmacies.
16) Illiterates constituted the greatest proportion of those satisfied with the efficacy of herb medicine. college graduates constituted the greatest proportion of those dissatisfied with it. High school graduates constituted the greatest proportion of those who could not judge it.
17) College graduates constituted the greatest proportion of those who said, "I take tonic herb medicine once about every three years although I don´t take it every year". They also constituted the greatest proportion of those who have once taken it but discontinued taking it. Illiterates constituted the greatest proportion of those who said, "i have never taken it", or "I cannot afford to take it".
18) Monthly medical expenses per person was ₩1,140 for those utilizing herb medicine clinics, ₩1.530 for those utilizing hospitals or regular clinics, ₩990 for those utilizing regular pharmacies, and ₩750 for those utilizing herb pharmacies.
This study was conducted on limited number of pollees i.e., residents in Hoegi-dong, Dongdaemoon-ku, Seoul, and may not necessarily indicate the opinion of the Seoul citizens as whole. Nevertheless, out of a total of 1,203 respondent pollees, 772 persons or 64.2 percent took herb medicine and 563 persons or 46.8 per cent underwent acupunctural treatment during the past three years. In addition, 134 persons or 11.1 per cent desired to utilize the Oriental therapy in the future.
In view of such opinions expressed by the pollees regarding the traditional medicine of the Orient, it is believed to be necessary to have better understanding about the Oriental Medicine and its historical and cultural backgrounds; take into consideration all the relevant social conditions, regional characteristics, popular customs and realities; grasp its utilization status and accurately evaluate it, toward the goal of effective enforcement of the public health administration.

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