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우리나라 家族計劃要員과 事業實績에 關한 調査硏究

A Study on Family Planning Fieldworkers in Korea and Their Work Performance

공중보건잡지 1971년 8권 2호 p.232 ~ 240
김윤국,
소속 상세정보
김윤국 (  ) - 서울대학교 보건대학원

Abstract


During one-month period from August 1 to 30, 1971, surveys were conducted on health centers in the provincial seats and municipalities throughout the country (not including those in Cheju province to shich questionnaire forms were mailed). The surveys included visits to public health sections of municipal and provincial administrations, interviews with their family planning fieldworkers, and studies on data concerning their work performance and statistics provided by the Ministry of Health and Social Affairs regarding the status of the family planning fieldworkers. Through the analysis by year, month and district of the family planning fieldworkers and their work performance, the following conclusion has been reached:
1. As for age distribution of family planning fieldworkers. approximately 50 per cent of health center fieldworkers. belonged to the age group of 25 to 34 years, and 70 per cent of town and township fieldworkers to the age group of 20 to 29 years. Thus, the average age of health center fieldworkers was higher than that of town and township fieldworkers.
2. The health center fieldworkers were broken into 47.6 per cent for licensed nurses or midwives, 34.3 per cent for licensed nurse aides, and 18.1 per cent for unlicensed personnel. The town and township fieldworkers were broken down into 0.4 per cent for licensed nurses or midwives, 56 per cent for licensed nurse aides and 43.6 per cent unlicensed personnel.
3. As for the marital status of family planning fieldworkers, married health center workers (75.6 per cent) were greater in number than unmarried counterprts (24.4 per cent). Contrarily, unmarried personnel (61.5 per cent) were greater in number than married personnel (38.5 per cent) among town and township fieldworkers.
4. The average longitivity of employment of health center family planning fieldworkers was 2.9 years, one year more than that of town and township family planning fieldworkers, 1.9 years/
5. The average ratio of the actual number of family planning fieldworkers to their authorized strength in 1969 and 1970 was as follows: The ratio for the municipal and provincial supervisors remained at 98.2 per cent for both 1969 and 1970. The ratio for the health center fieldworkers decreased from 84.6 per cent in 1969 to 83.4 per cent in 1970 while that for the town and township fieldworkers increased from 92.5 per cent in 1969 to 94.0 per cent in 1970.
6. The ratio of the actual number of family planning fieldworkers to their authorized strength aecreased in urban areas from 84.2 per cent in 1969 to 78.2 per cent in 1970 while that increased in rural areas from 90.8 per cent in 1969 to 92.9 per cent in 1970.
7. Work performance rate per fieldworker showed an extensive seasonal fluctuation. The setting of IUD(intrauterine device) and vasectomy marked high performance rates in March to May while it dropped during the summer months of June to September. The consumption of oral pills showed sharp yearly increases. The number of condom-users per fieldworker stayed at 50 or more persons without showing any remarkable yearly or monthly fluctuation.
8. The performance rate per fieldworker was more than twofold higher in urban areas than in rural areas for IUD, vasectomy and condom in both 1969 and 1970 while that for the consumption of oral pills showed on great difference between urban areas and rural areas.

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