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都市地域國民學校 敎職員의 學校保健關心度에 關한 調査硏究

A Study on the Interest in and Necessity Felt on School Health among Primary School Teachers in Seoul

공중보건잡지 1971년 8권 2호 p.265 ~ 275
김경자,
소속 상세정보
김경자 (  ) - 서울대학교 보건대학원

Abstract


A study on the interest in and necessity felt on school health was carried out by the author from May 10 to June 30, 1971 toward 1,394 primary school teachers who were serving in Seoul.
The sample schools were selected in every Ku of the 9 Ku´s in Seoul, 41 Schools out of 216.
The sample size in approximately 13.4 per cent namely 1,394 teachers out of 10,374 total teachers
1) As to the distribution of sex and age, the highest rates were seen in the age group 35-39 in male (27.3%) and in the group 25-29 in female (24.3%).
2) The longest duration of teaching is 15-20 years in male (26.0%) and 5-10 years in female (21.5%)
3) The Status of by Rank: general teachers ranked highest in both male and female (male: 89.2%, Female: 97.6%)
4) Educational career, normal school graduates constituted by about half of total number in both the male and female respondents (male: 49.8%, Female: 48.7%)
5) Regarding the place of brith, chung chong Do ranked highest with the male (26.7%) and Seoul ranked highest with the female (53.0%)
6) The number of dependents, those with 5 persons ranked highest in male (15.8%) and 3 persens in female (16.8%). The mean was 4 persons.
7) Most of the male and female respondents (male: 95.4%, female: 91.3% have heard about school health at least once in the past. About 15 percent were thinking of school health as synonymous to gymnastics.
8) About 44 percent of the male and 60 percent of the female teachers have never read a book on school health.
9) Only small proporitons of the respondents have ever heard about "School Health Committee" (Male: 18.4%, Female: 9.2%)
10) Many terchers experessed the intention that they will cooperate in the school health program, (Male: 84.8%, Female: 77.7%). But in both the male and female, 19.0% would not cooperate with the school health program.
11) As to the necessity of school health, 92.0% of male 91.1 percent of female respondents expressed the strong need for school health programs.
12) As to past experiences of having lectures on school health, 46.8 percent of male and 43.1 per cent of female respondetns reported on having received a systemic instruction.
13) About 33 per cent receive instruction on school health at the normal colleges, 30.2% at colleges of education.
14) Out of 75.6% percent of male and 75.1 percent of female resondents expressed the opinion. that school nurses are helpful.
15) Approximately half of teachres (male: 55.8%, female: 56.3%) surveyed expressed the opinion that regular physical check-up should be intenstifed.
16) Health knowledge of teachers: 85.4% percent of male, 88.4% percent of female respondents stated that they were willing to receive fruther instructions in school health.

In view of the necessity, confirmed as a result of the above study, of recognizing the need for and arousing public interest in school health, it is recommended that the following points should receive immediate attention of those who are concerned with school health:
1. Education about school health for Primary School Teachers.
Especially the primary school teachers should be given no opportunity for intensive school health training.
The teaching staff at schools of various levels, through their daily contacts with students, are in poition ot shoulder temendous responsibilities as health educators, promotion of school health at thest schools are inconceivable without full understanding of school health problems and cooperation on the part of the teachers.
2. Extablishment of an School Health Organization.
Each school should have a School Health Organization, which should include school health center at educational board.
3. School Health should be included in the curriculum.
At the normal school and educational college level, the curriculum should include an intensive and systematic instruction in school health.

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