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건강지도를 중심으로 한 병원외래 간호원의 기능에 관한 조사연구

A Study on the Function of Nurse in Relation to Health Teaching at Out patient Department

공중보건잡지 1971년 8권 2호 p.321 ~ 328
박성애,
소속 상세정보
박성애 (  ) - 서울대학교 보건대학원

Abstract


To explore the current activities of hospital out patient department nurse in relation to the amount of time spent in health teaching, a small scale of brief time study was carried out in August 1971 for one week. Nine nurses were selected from each clinic in O.P.D. at one of teaching hospital in Seoul.
The proportion of time spent in health teaching at O.P.D. was analysed in terms of educational level, marital status, age and working experience on nurses in the study.
A second study was conducted on I.P.D. nurses to find out whether the Variables operated in the same way.
The following results were obtained:
The proportion of patient care activities which mainly medically supportive function occupied 31% of nurses time spent, Personnel activities occupied 20% and managerial activities 19%.
Educational and administrative activities which included health teaching turned out to be lowest proportion of all (10%).
Analysis of findings indicated that; the highest proportion of health teaching was found in the group of nurses with diploma or higher lowest proportion of time spent; that single nurses participated more actively in health theaching than the amrried nurses; that older nurses spend more time in health teaching than younger nurses. However the wide range of time spent (45 minutes to 560 minutes) in health teaching was a hidden factor fro misinterpretation of these findings. The working experience of nurses influenced the time spent as the longer the years of experience, the more time was allocated in health teaching. There was no difference in the proportion of each professional or personal activity for both groups, the I.P.D. and O.P.D nurses, although O.P.D. nurses showed a tendency to have more activity in health teaching. However the attention should be paid in interpretation the relationship shown above as the two studies were conducted in a defference manner.
Considering these factors, the conclusion could be made that educational level. age and experience of nurses may be related to the activity of health teaching at hospital, although the size of study population, dration of study and use of observer were not satisfactively controlled.
The writer stongly recommends more intensive study on the subject should be conducted in order to draw general inferences of health teaching activities of nurses in general teaching hospitals.

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