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우리나라 一部農村(平野地域) 住民의 傷病에 關한 調査硏究

A Survey on Sickness Prevalence in Rural (Plain Area) Population

공중보건잡지 1972년 9권 1호 p.39 ~ 48
신금호,
소속 상세정보
신금호 (  ) - 서울대학교 보건대학원

Abstract


In order to study the sickness prevalence and kinds of sickness among rural populace in plain areas of this country, surveys were conducted on 1,024 households comprising 5,679 persons during a one-month period of January 1 to 31, 1969. Through the analysis of the results, the following conclusion was reached:
1) The age composition of population subject to the surveys showed a typical pyramid style. The group of 0 to 9 years of age constituted 26.2 per cent of the total population which underwent the surveys. Proportion gradually decreased as age increased. The age group of 60 years or more showed 6.4 per cent or the smallest proportion.
2) By education, the population subject to the surveys was broken down as follows: Primary school graduates constituted 25.9 per cent of th total number of persons; those currently attending primary school 18.9 per cent; those yet to attend (not applicable) 17.4 per cent; those barely able to read Hangul (Korean Alphabet) 11.3 per cent, and illiterates 11.0 per cent. College graduates, drop-outs, and students constituted only 0.5 per cent.
3) By occupation, the population subject to the surveys was broken down as follows: Students constituted 25.7 per cent; those yet to attend school (not applicable) 18.7 per cent; farming 18.6 per cent: those attending to domestic duties 13.4 per cent: and unemployed persons 13.1 per cent.
4) By source of drinking water, the number of households subject to the surveys was broken down as follow: 53.1 per cent of the total of 1,024 horseholds utilized communal wells; 18.8 per cent private pumps, and 9.4 per cent communal pumps. Not a single household utilized waterworks.
5) During the period of survey (January 1 to 31,1969), incidence rate reached 84.7 and prevalence per 1,000 persons rate 126.1.
6) The specific prevalence rate of male persons at the age of 0 to 4 years was highest at 258.9 per 1,000 persons, and that for the age group of 10 to 19 was lowest at 61.2, As for female, specific prevalence rate was highest at 227.6 per 1,000 persons for the age group of 60 to 69, second highest at 226.4 for the age group of 50 to 59 , and lowest at 64.6 for the age group of 5 to 9.
7) Sickness prevalence rate by education was as follows: Those attending high school showed the highest rate of 333.3 per 1,000 persons; illiterates 238.8; those attending college 176.5; high school drop-outs 166.7; and those yet to attend school 161.9.
8) Sickness prevalence rate by occupation was as follows: Fishermen showed the highest rate of 250.0 per 1,000 persons; unemployed 226.2; farmers 159.2; those engaged in commerce 123.2; those attending to domestic duties 1,000; and those yet to attend school (not applicable) 98.8.
9) By kind of sickness, sickness prevalence rate was as follows: Diseases of the resperatory system showed the highest rate of 61.6(60.0 for male and 63.3 for female) per 1,000 person; diseases of the digestive system the second highest rate of 29.6 (29.1 for male and 30.0 for female); diseases of the nervous system a and the sense system 7.9(6.3 for male and 9.5 for female); and infectious and parasitic diseases 5.8 (8.9 for male and 2.8 for female). Not a single case of congenital deformity or specific disease of new born infants was noted.

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