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우리나라 一部農村(平野地域)住民의 醫療費支出에 關한 調査硏究

A Study on Medical Expenses of Rural Residents in Plain Areas of Korea

공중보건잡지 1972년 9권 1호 p.81 ~ 87
유익현,
소속 상세정보
유익현 (  ) - 서울대학교 보건대학원

Abstract


In order to study the medical expenses and therapeutical status of rural residents in this country, surveys were conducted on 1,024 households comprising 5,679 persons in plain rural areas during a one-month period from January 1 to 31. 1969. As a results. the following results have been reached:
1) During the survey period (one month) medical requirement reached 12.6 per cent, and the incidental medical demand reached 78.1 per cent.
2) By type of therapy, the medical demand was broken down into 46.5 per cent or the greatest proportion for pharmacy. 26.9 per cent or the secoend greatest proportion for out-patients, and 7.0 per cent for public health centers. Traditional therapy accounted for 5.9 per cent, and superstitious therapy occupied 0.8 per cent.
3) Each male patient paid an everage of w 850 per case fo therapy while each female patient paid an everage of w 938. or w 87 more than the male patient. Per capita medical expenses amounted to w 84 for male and w 92 for female. Per capital medical expenses for female thus amounted w 8 more than that for male.
4) In case of both male and female, age groups of 30 years or more paid more than age groups of 0 to 29 years in terms of both per capita and per case medical expenses.
5) As for the amount of medical expenses by standards of education, middle school drop-outs paid w 5,867 per case, a greater amount than that paid by any other group of education stands Those enrolled in colleges paid w 1,733 or the second greatest amount, and those enrolled in middle schools w 1,598 or the third greatest amount.
6) Those engaged in miscellaneous occupations paid an average of w 2,117 per case, a greater amount than that paid by any other occupational group. wage-earners paid w 1,950 or the second greatest amount per case while those attending to household duties paid en everage of w 1,725 and those engaged in agriculture w 1,132. The greatest per capita amount of medical expenses or w 239 was paid be those attending to household duties, the second greatest amount or w 146 by wage-earners, w 138 by fisher men, and w136 by farmers.
7) As for medical expenses by kind of sickness, w 7,500 or the greatest amount of medical expenses was paid respectively for blotch, and disease of blood and blood-making organs, while w 281 or the smallest amount was paid for symptomic senility and cases unfit for diagnosis. Per capita medical expenses reached w25 or the greater amount for diseases of respiratoty organs than for any other kind of sickneses, and w17 or the second greatest amount for diseases of digestive organs.

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