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結核罹患學生들의 結核에 對한 知識 態度 및 動態에 관한 調査硏究

A Study on Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Pulmonary Tuberculosis Cases in Middle and High School Boys in Seoul

공중보건잡지 1972년 9권 2호 p.340 ~ 346
문희자,
소속 상세정보
문희자 (  ) - 서울대학교 보건대학원

Abstract


Pulmonary tuberculosis has been one of the major health Problems in Korea. By the Policy of Ministry of Health, the school is responsible to take care of the Pulmonary tuberculosis students in middle and high schools.
This study was conducted to find out knowledge, attitudes and practices of middle and highschool boys on pulmonary tuberculosis.
Questionaires were used to collect the data in different period. The survey was done to the diagnosed 208 tuberculosis boys during the period of June 15-July 25, 1972 and November 1-8, 1972 for the healthy boys.
The following conclusions were obtained as a results.
1. The survey shows that 14.9 percent of the Patient´s guardian were engaging in labour and 3.4 percent in control group.
2. An average of 4.4 family members share with the patient at the same room in middle schools and 2.9 members in high school. It was 3.6 and 2.4 family members in healthy boy´s group.
3. Sixty four percent of the healthy boys expressed that tuberculosis is a communicable disease and 21.6 percent of them considered it as a hereditary disease while 64.9 percent and 6.7 percent in diagnosed tuberculosis group.
4. Fifty two percent of the diagnosed tuberculosis cases answered they know on BCG and 63.9 percent of them were correct possession of scientific knowledge on BCG. It was 44.7 percent and 37.6 percent in healthy group.
5. Seventy one percent of the tuberculosis cases were detected as a supected tuberculosis by mass X-ray indirect method in school for the first time. Sixteen percent of the cases were diagnosed as a tuberculosis when they visited a physician.
6. Sixteen two percent of the tuberculosis cases in middle school boys and 26.2 percent of that high school boys read books on tuberculosis after they were diagnosed as a tuberculosis.
7. Thirty two percent of the tuberculosis cases had experienced fatigue and 17.5 percent of them had no symptoms at all before they were diagnosed as a tuberculosis.
8. After diagnosed as a tuberculosis, 29.9 percent of the boys experienced "plightened" as a initial reaction.
9. Seventy percent of the diagnosed tuberculosis patients belived that thay can be cured.
10. Sixty five percent of the middle school and 87.2 percent of the highschool patient had recieved a periodic X-ray check-up since they had registered for treatment (Cases of less than six months were excluded).
11. Fifty seven percent of the unchecked cases for a periodic X-ray examination expressed the reason for nochecking as "indifference to X-ray check-up" and 38.1 percent answered that they did not considered it was necessary for treatment.
12. Seventy four percent of middle school and 55.3 percent of highschool patients had not taken their Anti-tuberculosis drugs and injections regularly.
13. Ninety percent of the patients were registered at the School Health Center for treatments.
14. Eighty three percent of the patients who could not keep regularity of medication answered the primary reason of that as "because they forget to take drugs".
15. behavioral changes of the pateints after diagnosis were as follow;
reduce physical exercise: 18.3%
extend sleeping hours: 12.5%

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