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一般婦人의 小兒保健 및 新生兒破傷風에 對한 知識 態度 및 實踐에 關한 調査硏究

Study on Knowledge, Attitude and Behavior of Women toward Child Health and Tetanus Neonatorum in Urban Area

공중보건잡지 1972년 9권 2호 p.399 ~ 407
강현숙,
소속 상세정보
강현숙 (  ) - 서울대학교 보건대학원

Abstract


A survey was carried out during the period from May 8 to May 27, 1972 to obtain information on knowledge, attitudes of women towards child health and tetanus neonatorum. 510 housewives dwelling in Seoul area were interviewed.
As the result of this survey, the following conclusions were obtained.
1. Women in the age range of 30-34 constituted 26.5% and 30.8% were with Primary school background.
2. The average number of living children was 2.9.
3. Half (49.9%) of the respondents possessed correct knowledge on infant mortality rate.
4. Amongst women with low educational level, the source of information was from neighbours and their own experiece, where as among those with high educational level, it was from books and their knowledge gained during their education.
5. Correct possession of scientific knowledge on cause of tetanus neonatorum was 26% of the women interviewed, and those on symptoms was 30%.
6. Regarding the most preferable method to educate general public toward tetanus mass media contributed the largest proportion (40%) of the respondents. The largest proportion (40%) of the respondents expressed that the most preferable approach to educate the general public in the knowledge of tetanus, was mass media.
7. 71,6% of the respondent´s age at last delivery was in the 25-34 age group.
8. In regard to the place of delivery, half (49.6%) used medical facilities (Ob-Gyn; 37,7%, midwife; 8.2, G.D. 3.7%) and the other half showed home delivey.
9. Among home deliveries, the mmajority (85.6%) were attended by non-medical profession.
10. In home delivery, vinyl and cement bag paper were found to be most frequent used as delivery sheets.
11. Scissors (95.4%) were used to cut umbilical cord and thread (79.5%) was used to tie it. Before using these only 26.6% of the respondents sterelised the material and the majority used these without any sterilization.
12. The umbilical cord care was as follows:
a) 43.5% applied sterilized gauze with mercurochrome.
b) 13.1% applied cotten or small pieces of cloths.
c) 5.2% made no application.
13. Frequency of change of dressing on umbilical cord; 75.8% of the home deliveries showed that the dressing was non changed.
14. The disposal of placenta; 57.5% of the women burnt it; and the rest disposed it off by burial in the neighboring ground.

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