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一農村 地域에서의 精神疾患 有病狀態에 관한 調査

The Prevalence of Mental Disorders in a Rural Area, Korea

공중보건잡지 1973년 10권 1호 p.33 ~ 38
남광현,
소속 상세정보
남광현 (  ) - 서울대학교 보건대학원

Abstract


The prevalence of the major psychoses was studied by means of an intensive census visiting method in a Korean rural village (Wa-chon Myun) which is located 24km from Taegu city.
All the residents in the village were 6,846 in number and majority of them(87%) were below the middle school in educational level. The study was performed in September 1972 and the following results were obtained.
1. Twenty-three cases of schizophrenia, 2 cases of manic depressive psychoses, 11 cases of epilepsy and none of general paresis were observed from the total population of 6,846. Thus the prevalence rate was 0.336% for schizophrenia, 0.029% for manic depressive psychoses, 0.16% for epilepsy.
2. The corrected prevalence rate calculated by Weinberg´s method was 0.873% (age 16-40) for schizophrenia, 0.1% (age 21-50) for manic depressive psychoses, and 0.264% (age 5-30) for epilepsy.
3. The age of the onset of each disorder was rather coincident with the age range of susceptibility ordinarily adopted by other investigators.
4. In more than two third of patients, they were left alone without any treatment or interest and a hopeless chronic course.
5. Religion does not influence upon the prevalence of psychoses in this study.
6. Marital lives of patients were relatively not disturbed by the psychotic state and the divorce problem is taken rather out of question by the parther in most cases.

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