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우리나라 養老院 運營에 對한 調査 A Survey on Homes of the Aged in Korea

공중보건잡지 1973년 10권 1호 p.81 ~ 87
우재걸,
소속 상세정보
우재걸 ( Woo Jae-Geol ) 
서울대학교 보건대학원

Abstract


During the two-month period of July 1 to August 30, 1972, public health surveys were conducted via mail and through visits on the managers of 42 homes of the aged in the nation concerning the operation of homes of the aged. Through the analysis of the resultant data, the following conclusion has been reached:
1) There are a total of 211 managerial personnel in the homes of the aged across the country. They were broken down into 116 male personnel (55 per cent) and 95 female personnel (65 per cent). The average number of managerial personnel per home of the aged was five.
2) The average age of managerial personnel was 44.7 years. The age group of 30 of 39 years constituted the greatest proportion, 26.0 per cent, The average age of male personnel was 45.1 years, slightly older than that of female personnel, 42.7 years.
3) The average longivity of employment of managerial personnel was 3.7 gerial personnel years. That of managerial personnel at public facilities was 2.5 years, far shorter than at private facilities, 4.9 years.
4) Library, recreation room, and bathing facilities were installed at 16.7 percent, 59.5 percent and 69.0 percent of the homes of the aged, respectively.
5) Sideline facilities were operated at 73.0 per cent of the homes of the aged. Out of them, cottage farm product processing constituted the greatest proportion. 23.0 per cent.
6) As for the health condition of the accommodated old people 365men (36.7 per cent) and 921 women (69.3 per cent) complained of "aches" Aching women thus numbered 1.9 times more than aching men.
7) From among all the aching people at the homes of the aged, psychotic and neurotic patients constituted 40.5 per cent and 31.3 per cent for men and women respectively. The second greatest proportion of complaints was constituted by hypertention, 17.8 per cent and 16.8 per cent respectively.
8) Part-time physicians were assigned to 71.4 per cent of the homes of the aged, and nurses were assigned to 33.4 per cent.
9) In 1971. 50.0 per cent of the aged people accommodated at these facilities underwent health check-up throughout the country.
10) As for the environmental sanitary status, all the rooms were sterilized while 57.1 per cent of the toilets, 59.6 per cent of beddings, and 78.1 per cent of bathrooms were sterilized, all below the required standards.

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