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A Study on Qualification of Public Health Nursing Instructors and Their Teaching Activities in Schools sof Nursing

공중보건잡지 1973년 10권 2호 p.326 ~ 336
전금자,
소속 상세정보
전금자 (  ) - 서울대학교 보건대학원

Abstract


There wera 50 nursing educational programs were opened by the end of July 1973, in Korea. They were divided into three different levels; the four year collegiate program, three-year advanced nursing technical college program. The investigator sent out the questionnaire to the public health nursing instructors of the 47 Schools of Nursing out of 50 to find out qualification of the public heath nursing instructors and their teaching activities.
Three Schools of nursing which had not yet started classes on public health nursing were excluded and one Schol did not respond to the questionnaire in this study.
The following data were obtained as a result of this study:
I. Data on Public Health Nursing Instructors;
1) The age distribution were ranged from 20´s to 40´s. The age group of 30´s were the greatest proportion of 54.3 per cent.
2) More than a half or 58.7 per cent of the instructors were graduates of collegiate program for their basic nursing education.
3) Bachelor´s degree holders either Bachelor of Nursing or Art, constituted 78.2 per cent while nondegree holders who were working in the three-year program was 21.8 per cent. Master´s degree holder´s were 30.4 per cent.
Among master´s degree holder´s, 28.3 per cents had completed pudlic health nursing courses.
4) Those who had none or less than one year hospital experience were 41.3 per cent. And those who had not worked at any public health field were 63.0 per cent.
In teaching, 89.1 per cent of the total had one year or more experiences.
5) Employment status at present were as follows:
assistant professors; 19.6 per cent
full-time instructors; 37.9 per cent
and others.
6) Instructors who had majored in public health nursing constituted 65.2 per cent while the rest of them majored in other subjects.
7) Instructors who taught one or more subjects other than public health nursing were 9.1 per cent at collegiate programs and 42.9 per cent at three year programs.
II. Data on teaching activities in public health nursing.
1) Most of the Schools started the first lecture on public health nursing subject in intermediate period of the school years; 81.8 per cent of the collegiate program started it in the junior class, 51.4 per cent of the three year nursing schools started it in the first semester of the second school-year, and 25.7 per cent began it in the first semester of the third school-year.
2) Total lecture hours of public health nursing were ranged from 30∼150 hours of total respondents.
(1) 45.6 per cent taught 90∼129 hours of lecture.
(2) Collegiate program ranged the lecture hour from 50 to 129 hours while it was ranged 30∼150 hours at the three-year program.
3) The contents of public health nursing lecture were divided into one or five categories of classified subopics. One to five class hours were allocated for the above mentioned subtopoics. Some of the schools did not indicate their consideration of time allocation for sub-topic.
4) Subjects related in public health seemed tend to be jointly taught by the public health nursing instructors.
The tendency was higher at the three year nursing schools than at colleges. However, Statistics was taught by the statistician at almost all schools.
5) Health centers were used for student field practice by 45.7 per cent of the total.
Out-patient departments of the hospital or school nurse´s office were also utilized by 43.4 per cent of the respondents. The three-year programs utilized more number of faclilties for student field practice.
6) The total numer of hours for public health nursing field practice were ranged from 96 to 192 hours. The 36.3 per cent of the collegiate program were under this categories and they allocated 24 hours per week for several weeks.
The range for that of three year nursing school was 40∼576 hours and 68.4 per cents of them allocated 24 to 40 hours per week continued for several weeks or for one semester.
7) At colleges, 72.2 per cent of them utilized both instructors from the college and public health nurses at the health center as their responsible people for students field experiences but the public health nurses were the only supervisors of practice at 34.2 per cent of the three-year programs.
At the three year program the practice concentrated heavily on clinic activities, home visiting and vaccination shots.
8) In the course of field practice, 52.2 per cent of all the responded schools distributed guideline booklets for students practice.
Standards for evaluation of practice were set by 56.5 per cent of the schools, and visits to local communities number of such visits ranged from one to sixth.
9) In the courses of public health nursing field practice various levels of nursing schools were faced with the following problems & difficulties;
(1) Shortage of available resources in local community.
(2) Failure of lecture´s participation in the guidance of student field practice.
(3) Discrepancy between the contents of lecture and the practice at the health center practice.
(4) Shortage of textbooks and reference materials on public health nursing in this country.
(5) Inadequate capability of public health nurses incumbent at public health centers in guiding practical training.
(6) In adequate data to be used for practical training at public health centers.

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