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서울市內 養護敎師의 就業實態에 關한 調査硏究

A Study on Emplyment Status of School Nurses in Seoul

공중보건잡지 1974년 11권 2호 p.185 ~ 192
김운서,
소속 상세정보
김운서 (  ) - 서울대학교 보건대학원

Abstract


From March 1 to 31, 1974, surveys were conducted on the employment status of school nurses at 559 primary, middle and high schools in Seoul. The results of surveys are summarized as follows:
1. Questionnaires were stint to a total of 559 primary, middle and high schools in Seoul. Respondent school nurses numbered 210 showing a response rate of 37.4 percent.
2. The age group of 20 to 29 years constituted 46.7 percent of the 210 respondent school nurses, a proportion greater than that of any other age group. Those at the age of 40 years or more occupied only 11.4 percent, particularly at primary schools, the age group of 30 to 39 years constituted a great proportion while the age group of 20 to 29 years was a great proportion at middle and high schools. Their average age was 36.7 years for the primary school, 28.2 years for the middle school and 22.1 years for the high school.
3. Natives of Seoul constituted 56.2 percent, the greatest proportion, broken down into 43.4 percent for the primary school, 59.5 percent for the middle school, and 63.2 percent for the high school.
4. Whether they live together with their family is one of the factors determining the stability of their employment. Only 116 school nurses or 55.2 percent of the respondent nurses lived with their family while the others, 44.8 percent, lived separately from their family.
5. In mast cases, the number of family members of school nurse was five or six, in as much as 26.7 percent accounted for five family members and 32.4 percent for six family members.
6. As for the marital status of school nurses, 71. 4 percent was married and 27.6 percent unmarried. Thus, approximately two-thirds of them were married.
7. By education for which they acquired license, they were broken down into 20 percent for graduates of nursing school 56.2 percent for graduates of four-year nursing college or nursing department of university.
At primary schools, 56.6 percent accounted for graduates of nursing high school, and at middle schools, the same accounted for graduates of four-year nursing college or nursing department of university.
8. Most of the school nurses acquired their licenses in or after 1960. In case of Primary schools, the greatest group or 53.3 percent obtained nurse´s licenses from 1960 to 1964. At middle and high schools, those who acquired license from 1970 to 1974 constituted the largest proportions, 67.6 percent and 53.3 percent respectively.
9. The number of classes assigned per school nurse reached 90 or more at two primary schools, and 20 to 29 at most of the middle and high schools.
10. The number of student assigned per school nurse was 5,000 or more at 33.3 percent of primary schools. 2,300 to 3,000 at 64.9 percent of middle schools. and 1,000 to 2,000 at 47.4 percent of high schools.
11. As for the length of service of school nurses, the greatest proportion was constituted by those with one or two years of clinical experience, and the second greatest proportion by those with one or two years of experience in their current positions. In terms of the total length of employment, however, the school nurses of primary school showed a longer average period of employment than that of school nurses at other schools. The second longest was for the middle school, and the third for high school.
12. As a whole, 96.2 percent of the school nurses was licensed and 3.8 percent unlicensed.
13. Of the school nurses of primary school, 93.2 percent had received training. Corresponding figures were 21.6 percent for middle schools, and 34.2 percent for high schools. These data indicate that school nurses of primary school had received more training than their counterparts of middle and high schools had.
14. Time those wishing to continue to work as school nurse for first or more years in the future constituted 56.7 percent of school nurses of primary school. That was far higher a ratio as compared with its corresponding figures 16.2 percent for middle school and 23.7 percent for high school. Those wishing to continue to work for lifts occupied 13.4 percent at primary schools.
15. As for desired place of work, 46.6 percent was content with their current positions at primary schools, but corresponding ratios were lower at 16.2 percent for middle schools and 18.4 percent for high school s.
16. At primary schools, the greatest proportion or 40 percent was paid monthly salaries of 40,000 to 50,000 won. At middle and high schools, the greatest proportions, respectively 62.2 percent and 60.5 percent, received 50,000 to 60,000 won.

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