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非行少年의 性格特性과 個人 및 環境變因과의 關係에 關한 調査硏究

A Study on Relationships between Personality and His Environments of Juvenile Delinquents

공중보건잡지 1974년 11권 2호 p.201 ~ 216
전영자,
소속 상세정보
전영자 (  ) - 서울대학교 보건대학원

Abstract


This study has been conducted to find out the relationships between personality arid his environments of juvenile delinquents.
The main purposes of this study were:
1. To identify the personality differences between juvenile delinquents and general junior and senior high school boys.
2. To clarify influencing factors upon the personality of juvenile delinquents by his personal variables and growing environments.
3. To explore better ways and means of guidance for youngsters to develop sound personality.
The standardized diagnostic test which was designed by Sang No Lee was administered to the 200 juvenile delinquents who were in juvenile delinquents guidance institution and These were compared with those of 150 general junior and senior high school boys in Seoul area.
The investigator interviewed the guardians or parents and studied juvenile delinquents with the designed questionnaire about family environment for preschooling period.
The main findings of the study were summarized as follows:
1. The obtained data show significant differences in Emotional stability, Superiority, Dominance, Masculinity, Conformity, impulsiveness, Depressiveness, Anxiety, Paranoid tendency, Autism and Nervousness between Juvenile delinquents and general junior and senior high school boys.
Juvenile delinquents group had lower score in Emotional stability, Superiority, Dominance, Masculinity while higher in Impulsiveness, Conformity, Depressiveness, Anxiety, Paranoid tendency, Autism and Nervousness than general junior and senior high school boys.
2. Findings from juvenile delinquents group were as follows:
1) No significant difference among personality by the age distribution was shown.
2) Significant differences in the personality by the status of health were found.
Namely, the group of poor health status had lower score in Emotional stability, Masculinity, Superiority, Sociality, Responsibility, while higher in Depressiveness, Anxiety, Paranoid tendency, Autism and Nervousness.
3) Significant differences in the personality by the religion were shown.
The group of be religion had lower score in Responsibility than t hose of religious ones.
The no religious parents group had lower score in Dominance, Reflectiveness, Masculinity while higher in Depressiveness.
4) Significant differences in the personality by the economic status were found.
The poor economic status group was lower in Emotional stability, Sociality while higher in Depressiveness, Anxiety and Autism. The middle class economic status group was lower in Dominance.
5) Significant differences in the personality by educational level of parents were shown.
The lower educational level, the lower in Superiority, while higher in Autism.
6) No significant differences in the personality by the occupation of parents was shown.
7) Significant differences in the personality by number of family members were found.
The group of incomplete parenthood was lower score in Emotional stability. Sociality, Superiority, while higher in Anxiety and Autism.
The group of less than 3 siblings was lower in Sociality.
8) Significant differences among the personality by birth order were shown.
The group of youngest ones was higher in Masculinity while the group of middle ones was higher in Sociality. The group of only child was lower in Masculinity and Sociality.
9) Significant differences in the personality by the behavioral and personality pattern of parents were found.
The unmoral parents group was lower in Responsibility, Superiority while higher in Impulsiveness.
The emotionally immature parents group was lower in Sociality, Conformity while higher in Impulsiveness, Autism, and Nervousness.
10) Significant differences in the personality by interpersonal relationships of the family members were shown.
The poor conjugal relationships of parents group was lower in Emotional stability, Sociality, Superiority while higher in Depressiveness and Autism.
The poor parent-child relationship group was lower in Masculinity, Emotional stability, Sociality, Superiority, Responsibility while higher in Impulsiveness, Depressiveness, Anxiety, Paranoid tendency and Nervousness.
The poor sibling relationship group was lower in Responsibility, Sociality, Conformity while higher in Impulsiveness.
The group of poor family inter-personal relationship was lower in Sociality, Responsibility, Superiority while higher in Depressiveness.
11) Significant differences in the personality by disciplinary approach of parents were shown.
The group of disciplinary approach of the father was autocratic-lower in Responsibility, Superiority while higher in Depressiveness and Autism, Democratic-higher in Emotional stability and was Free-rein-lower in Emotional stability, Sociality, Masculinity while higher in Autism.
The group of disciplinary approach of the mother was Autocratic-lower in Responsibility, Superiority, while higher in Depressiveness, free-rein-higher in Impulsiveness and Depressiveness and Democratic-lower in Emotional stability.
The group of negative reinforcement by means of physical punishment was higher in Impulsiveness and of neglect was higher in Nervousness.
As a conclusion the investigator recommends that Public Health Nurses could teach the parents for better way of anticipatory guidance to their children from the earliest stage of personality development.

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