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一部 農村地域의 學校保健事業 實態에 對한 調査

The Status of School Health Services in a Rural Area

공중보건잡지 1974년 11권 2호 p.265 ~ 272
이성기,
소속 상세정보
이성기 (  ) - 서울대학교 보건대학원

Abstract


This study is intended to obtain some factual information on the status of school health services in a rural area. The data were collected from 53 primary schools out of total 55 In Kongju Gun, Chungchong Namdo. The major findings are presented below.
1. The schools with 18 or more classes constituted about 1959.
2. A little less than half of the schools had classes with average size of 41~50 pupils.
3. Annual budget for medical supplies showed an increasing trend.
4. Most of school masters wanted to have a qualified school nurse.
5. Less than 4% of the schools had a qualified school nurse, and another 17% had a teacher who had a short term in-service training for school nurse job.
6. More than 90% of those teachers who are in charge of school-nurse job had also other responsibilities as a teacher.
7. About three fourths of the teachers who are in charge of school nursing spent about one hour for the respective activities.
8. About 70% of the teachers, perform who the role of a school nurse, felt their work load had been increased with taking the responsibility.
9. Mostly, female and young teachers performed the role of a school nurse.
10. More than one fourth of the teachers who are in charge of school nursing had experiences in the respective job of the school for less than one year
11. Only 19% of the teachers who are in charge of school nursing had favorable altitude toward the job.
12. Most than 90% of schools did not have a separate office for school nursing.
13. Medical supplies and equipments were not enough to meet the service demand of the pupils.
14. Most of the schools provided pupils with warm water to drink during winter.
15. About 80% of the schools had a piped water supply system or a pitcher pump.
16. Most of the schools did not meet the legal standard for the number of latrines.
17. Parasite control and immunization were considered as most important programs. Conferences and classes on school health programs were conducted in less than 10% of the schools.
18. With regard to the school lunch program,excluding those schools with government support, less than one third of the schools had the school lunch program. The number of pupils covered by the program were showed to be decreasing.

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