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血液供給에 對한 調査硏究

A Study on Blood Supply in Korea

공중보건잡지 1974년 11권 2호 p.317 ~ 327
이영화,
소속 상세정보
이영화 (  ) - 서울대학교 보건대학원

Abstract


Blood is essential in modern medical services. This study is aimed at providing an assessment of present situation of blood supply in Korea. There were 116 blood banks registered as of September, 1974. This study used two sets of data. The first is available information reported to the Ministry of Health and Social Affairs by the blood banks. The second set of data was collected from a random sample of 6.159 persons among those who donated blood at six blood banks in Seoul and one blood bank in Pusan during July 1-August 31, 1974. Out of them, voluntary donors were 2,959 and compensatory donors 3,200. Major findings obtained from the study are presented below.
1. The blood supply was made mainly by compensatory donors and blood banks attached to private clinics or hospitals.
2. About 30% of blood supply was collected at the blood banks located in Seoul.
3. Blood supply was largest in Summer.
4. The majority of compensatory donors were male. Most of them had donated blood much more frequently than the maximum frequency defined by the law (4 times a year).
5. About 17% of compensatory donors had hypohemoglobinemia, more than 6% were positive in HAA Test, and more than 5% were VDRL positive.
6. More than 60% of voluntary donors were under the age of 20.
7. Thc above findings suggested several approaches to the improvement of blood supply situation in Korea.
First blood supply by voluntary donation should be increased. Secondly, appropriate measures should be taken to enable blood banks to separate blood into at least three primary components, plasma, packed cells and resuspended red blood cells. Thirdly, spoiled or inadequate blood should be used for the production of blood derivatives. This can be the way of preventing the abuse of blood and the complications of transfusion.

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