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一部 農村地域 未婚女性의 家族計劃에 對한 知識 및 態度에 關한 調査

A Study on Knowleage and Attitude of Unmarried Women toward Family Planning in a Rural Area

공중보건잡지 1974년 11권 2호 p.348 ~ 356
김경식,
소속 상세정보
김경식 (  ) - 서울대학교 보건대학원

Abstract


A survey was carried out during the period from July 25 to August 2, 1974, to obtain information on knowledge and attitude of family planning.
Interviewed were 285 unmarried women dwelling in Wabu-Myun, Yangju-Gun, Kyunggi-Do, a typical rural area of Korea.
1. Of those interviewed, 53.7% were primary school graduates and 40% were graduates of middle school. 50% of those who graduated from middle
school were between 15~19 age group, while 17.2% were between 20∼24 age group. 72.4% of those interviewed had no religious preference. 11.6% were newspaper subscribers, and 91.2% had radios.
2. The percentage of those with 5 siblings was 29.5%; with 6 siblings, 16.8%; with 4 siblings 11.6%; and with 7 siblings 10.4%; with an average of 5.6±2.1 siblings per interviewee.
3. About 55% felt that they had a desirable number of siblings, 32.6% felt they had too many, and 12.6% felt they had too few. Of those with 1∼3 siblings, approximately 2/3 felt they had too few; 2/3 of 4∼5 siblings felt they bad a desirable number; 1/2 of 6∼7 siblings they had too many; 2/3 of 8∼10 siblings also felt they had too many.
4. The 32.6% of the respondents felt that the ideal number of siblings was 3, another 32.6% felt the ideal number was 4, 17.9% felt the ideal number was 5, and 7, 4% felt the ideal number was 2, with 4 as the overall average desirable number. It was observed that the ideal number of siblings was high among these respondents who actually had the great number of siblings.
5. About 69% of those with 8∼10 siblings felt it was absolutely necessary to have one or more brothers, and 92.5% of those with 4∼5 siblings felt brothers were essential, an average of 83.6% expressing.
6. The ideal number of offspring was felt to be 3(2 boys and 1 girl) by 43.2% and 2 (1 boy and 1 girl) by 16.8%, an overall average ideal number of children was 3.3. This was a tendency for those with larger number of siblings to be satisfied with fewer children.
7. It was felt by 63.3% that the ideal marriage age is 24∼25 years old and 32.6% felt to be 22∼23 years old. Irrespective of their present age, most respondents preferred later rather than earlier marriages, and contrasted somewhat with the tendency of urban women to prefer earlier marriages.
8. About 70% had heard about family planning, while 29.5% had not heard about it. Of those between 20∼24 age group, 86.2% had heard of family planning, 43.1% learned of family planning through mass media, and 30.5% learned from friend and neighbors. Exposure to family planning information averaged 1.3 per person.
9. The 65% had knowledge of some method of contraception, while 34.4% had no knowledge of any means. Of those between 20∼24 age group, 82.7% had some knowledge of contraceptive method. 57.9% expressed knowledge of oral pill contraceptive which had been used extensively in rural areas for long time. 42.1% knew of the intrauterine loop (IUD), and 33.7% knew the vasectomy method. The rhythm and coitus interrupts method is generally not felt to be reliable system and only few know it.
10. The 59% understand the purpose of the nationwide family planning campaign and the necessary for its success, and 41.1% expressed little understanding. 75.9% of those between 20~24 age group expressed understanding, and 83.0% of those with an educationa1 level of middle school graduate or higher expressed understanding, indicating that the degree of understanding increase with age and educational background.
11. About 67% were is favor of family planning 2. 1% were against, and 30.5% had no opinion 82.8% of 20∼24 age group were in favor of family planning, while 37.9% of 15∼19 age group expressed no opinion. It is felt that a significant percentage will reflect approving opinions with increased maturity.

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