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一部 우리나라 婦女子들의 姙娠 育兒 및 家族計劃에 關한 知識 및 實踐에 對한 調査

A Study of the Extent Knowledge and Practice of Health Care in Pregnancy, Child Care and Family Planning among Korean Women

공중보건잡지 1974년 11권 2호 p.357 ~ 369
김혜수,
소속 상세정보
김혜수 (  ) - 서울대학교 보건대학원

Abstract


This study was conducted during the period of July 10 to December 10, 1973. 309 women from age 15 to 64 were selected in Kang Wha Gun, kyung Ki Do, Sam. Chuck Gun, Kang Won Do, Dang Chin Gun, Choong Chung Nam Do, Sang Choo Gun, Kyung Sang Buk Do, Kwang Choo, Chul Ra Nam Do and Hwityung Dong, in Seoul where Seoul Adventist Hospital Nursing Students practiced their public health nursing activities. Results of this study show the lack of knowledge about maternal and child health and positive need of health education and health services. Through wise planning and guidance effective field experiences can be given to the nursing students. Therefore, author believes that this study can be used as effective material for health service teaching.
1. About regular prenatal examinations:
24.3% had knowledge of the need of periodic heck-ups in earthy pregnancy, but 19.4% were having check-ups. 18.4% thought they needed prenatal check-ups only when abnormal symptoms appeared, but 26.9% practiced it, 14.9% knew the need of 4 times a month check-ups at late stage, but 8.7% practiced it. 21.0% thought that they needed prenatal checkups only when abnormal symptoms appeared, and 2i5.3% practiced it.
2. About prenatal Care:
39.5% knew about the importance of proper nutrition and 29.0% practiced it.
3. About the source of knowledge on prenatal care:
36.9% learned from family and friends, 14.2% from public health nurses, 11.0% from newspapers and magazines.
4. About the hospital delivery:
63.1% liked it and 39.8% practiced it, 27.2% liked home delivery and 36.9% practiced it.
5. About equipment and supplies prepared for home delivery:
56.0% knew about sheet for mother, and 47.2% practiced it.
6. On knowledge and practice about instruments for umbilical cord care at home:
56.3% knew about sterilized scissors, and 46.9% practiced it.
7. On knowledge and practice of postpartum care:
68.3% did not know about checking bleeding, and 69.0% did not check bleeding.
8. Information and practice about feeding infants:
1) 69.3% recognize breast milk as ideal main food for infants, and 71.2% practice it.
2) 9.4% knew earliest time to start supplementary food from the 3rd to the 5th month, and 5.5% practiced it.
3) 50.8% thought that weaning time should be completed within 1 year, and 45.0% Practiced it.
9. 66.3% thought daily baby bathing was needed, and 63.8% practiced it.
10. About vaccination for Infants:
58.6% knew about polio immunization, 62.1% practiced it. 63.8% were ignorant about DPT, and 60.2% did not practice it.
11. 30.4% thought booster schedules were needed, and 14.9% thought only the original vaccination was enough.
12. About the place of vaccination of infants:
44.0% usually attended the health center, and 37.2% attended the hospital and clinic.
13. About family planning:
1) 44.5% understood the importance, and the meaning of family planning as the desired number of children at the appropriate time. 83.8% agreed to follow family planning. 48.5% wanted more information about family planning.
2) About contraceptives; 22.3% thought the oral pill was convening, 45.0% were ignorant about the oral pill, 29.8% thought loop had side reactions, and 50.5% were ignorant of side reactions from loop.

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