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看護學生의 卒業後 就業 希望에 關한 調査硏究

A Study of Future Employment Plan of Nursing Students

공중보건잡지 1975년 12권 1호 p.12 ~ 24
조영희,
소속 상세정보
조영희 (  ) - 서울대학교 보건대학원

Abstract


The purpose of this study was to find out preventing facts of educational component from being a public health nurse for the nursing students. The investigator surveyed 926 senior nursing students in 7 baccalaureate programs and 14 advanced technical colleges of nursing from June 20 to August 27, 1974.
The results of this study were obtained as follows:
1. The majority of the nursing students were in age group of 21∼23 years and 48.3% of them were protestant.
2. Among their parents, 68.3% were graduates of high school and over, 30.1% of them were of them were salsy man and 50.0% of them engaged in their own service facilities.
3. In the lecture of public health nursing, 76.5% of the nursing students showed interest, while 23.5% of them were not interested in. The reason for not interested in lecture was; discrepancy between lecture and practice-33.3%, lack of systematic development of theory-22.2%
4. In field practice, 54.0% of the students were finished their filed practice when the survy was conducted.
The students who were assigned in health centers were 49.1% while 27.1% of them were assigned in school nurse´s office for their field practice. Only 18.3% of the students were assigned in both health centers and school nurse´s office. 5. For the supervision of field practice, 39.6% were covered by the public health nurse, 32.9% were done by the professors, 14.2% were by the part time instructors.
6. Only 4.2% of the students mentioned very much satisfaction on field practice while 48.1% were just satisfied and 45.7% were dissatisfied.
7. The facilities of the field practice institutions were criticized as "not very good" by the 52.6% of the students.
8. The students who wanted to be a public health nurse were 25.1%, but only 3.0% of them were the first choice of employment as a public health nurse.
9. After receiving public health nursing lecture, 62.9% of the students who wanted to be a public health nurse in future decided their mind while 16.7% of them made their mind after public health nursing field practice.
10. Because the society needs public health nurse was the justification of deciding to be a public health nurse in 60.2% of the students.
11. The reason for the being a public health nurse was as follows; discrepancy between theory and practice-23.5%, no recognition as a profession-16.5%
12. Desirable duration of services as a nurse were as follows; until marriage-37.3%, 1∼2 years-18.4% as long as possible after marriage-40.9%, Generally the group of students who wanted to be a public health nurse hoped long term employment.
13. 50.0% of the students thought that special post basic course was needed to be a public health nurse.

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