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서울地域 學生들의 體格發達에 關한 考察

A Study on Physical Growth and Development of Students in Seoul

공중보건잡지 1975년 12권 1호 p.90 ~ 100
배인철,
소속 상세정보
배인철 (  ) - 서울대학교 보건대학원

Abstract


A survey on 6.631 (Boys: 3.338, Girls: 3.293) primary, middle and high school students was conducted for assessing their physical growth and development from 1st to 17th May 1974, and the following results were obtained.
1. Physical Growth and Development
a) Rapid growth has been observed among boys in age 11∼15 and 10∼14 of girls.
b) Physical growth and developments such as height, weight, chestgirth and sitting height among female students were superior to those among male students in ages 11, 12, 13 and 14.
c) The maximum annual growth velocities were as followings:
Height: Boys-7.4㎝ from 13 to 14 years of age Girls-11.1㎝ from 11 to 12 Weight: Boys-6.5㎏ from 14 to 15 years of age Girls- 6.7㎏ from 11 to 12
Chestgirth: Boy-4.4㎝ from 14 to 15 years of age Girls- 6.0㎝ from 11 to 12
sitting height: Boys-4.0㎝ from 14 to 15 years of age Girls- 5.1㎝ from 11 to 12
The greatest individual differences in growth and development were observed also during maximum growth age.
d) Increases of physical conditions during 6~17 years of age in comparison with those in age 6were as followings:
Height: Boys-53.3㎝ (46.6%), Girls-42.2㎝ (37.1%)
Weight: Boys-38.5㎏ (196.4%), Girls-32.5㎏ (170.2%)
Chestgirth: Boys-29.0㎝ (51.2%), Girls-25.7㎝ (46.1%)
Sitting height: Boys-26.0㎝ (39.8), Girls-21.6㎝ (33.6%)
e) Physical conditions of Korea students were inferior to those of Japanese Students in all ages, specially in adolescence.
f) The students of growth of recent Seoul students show remarkably improved comparing with those of 1966 and 1967.
2. Various Indices in relation with physical growth and development
a) Relative body weight has been increased steadily during 6∼15 age group of boys and 6∼14 of girls.
And the crossing point of boys and girls appeared at age 10 at which girls surpassed and at 15, boys surpassed girls.
b) Relative chestgirth showed narrow chest style in boys from 6 to 15 and from 6 to 13 in girls and the chest style of the students of the higher ages showed normality.
c) The students in Seoul demonstrated their superiority in relative sitting height except ages 12 in boys and 8, 12 in girls. The average relative sitting height was 54.5 in boys and 55.0 in girls.
d) The Rohrer index was 1.16∼1.31 in boys and 1.15∼1.36 in girls. It was superior to that of 1966.
e) The Kaup index was lower than 2.0 in boys during ages 6∼16 and 6∼14 girls. The crossing point of boys and girls was appeared at age 10 and after age 11 the index in girls was continuously superior to that of boys.

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