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都市 零細民 영유아의 食餌攝取와 建康狀態 評價에 關한 調査

A Study on Dietary Intake and Nutritional Status of Urban Slum Infants

공중보건잡지 1975년 12권 1호 p.167 ~ 176
신동숙,
소속 상세정보
신동숙 (  ) - 서울대학교 보건대학원

Abstract


The nutrition in early life of a man has been known to have much influence on both his physical and mental growth.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the nutritional status of infants and toddlers below the age of 3 who live in slum areas.
And the means of study consist of dietary ingestion anthropometric and biochemical test.
The following results were obtained:
1. Children were breast-fed about 4 times a day for 17 months after birth: 1 time between the 24th and 29th month: breast feeding stopped abruptly after the age of 30 months.
2. Boiled rice took the top priority place in the infant´s diet, except for mother´s milk. And most foods were not supplied to them in modified from such as liquid, but they received the same type of food as adults.
The main sources of protein, fish, meat, eggs and milk were not sufficiently supplied to infants and the supply of fats and oils was not sufficient either.
3. Physical growth showed a bad start about 6 months after birth and the gap appeared continuously.
The infants belong to the malnutrition borderline scoreⅠ,Ⅱ compared with WHO´s standard is less than the Korean physical std.
① Height:15.6% of the infants belonged to scoreⅠ, none belonged to score Ⅱ.
② Weight:
28.9% belonged to score Ⅰ and 46.7% to score Ⅱ.
③ A.C:
42.2% belonged to score Ⅰ and 7.8% to score Ⅱ.
④ S.F.T:
15.6% belonged to score Ⅰ and 62.2% to score Ⅱ.
4. The mean of hemoglobin value of boys and girls were 11.2±0.98gm/100㎖, 11.6±0.83gm/100㎖.
The anemia below 10.0gm/100㎖;
boy 40%, girl 19.1%.
① The mean of hematocrit value of boys and girls were 35.0±2.79%, 36.1±2.73%.
The anemia below 33.0;
boy 20.0%, girl 7.1%.
② The mean of M.C.H.C levels of boys and girls were 31.9±1.90%, 32.2±1.50%.
The anemia below 33.0%;
boy 75.0%, girl 69.0%.
which shows high percentage.
5. The distribution of disease:
infants of diarrhea, 35.6%
infants of fever, 13.3%
infants of coughs, 22.2%
The results appeared above study can make an evaluation of nutritional status of infants and toddlers who live in the city´s slum areas.

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