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京畿道 地域에서 自動車事故로 인한 死亡 및 負傷

Deaths and Injuries from Motor Vehicle Accidents in Gyung-gi Area

공중보건잡지 1975년 12권 2호 p.272 ~ 280
이군자,
소속 상세정보
이군자 (  ) - 서울대학교 보건대학원

Abstract


This study was aimed to disclose the magnitudes and trends of deaths and injuries from motor vehicle accidents with the relations to several factors such as population, number of vehicles, roads´s conditions and size of area.
Raw data were collected from the various available sources of local government. Main data related to incidence, deaths and injuries were obtained from the records of Department of Police in Gyung-gi Province for 4 years period from 1971 to 1974.
The following was summary of the results made with the analysis of the data collected:
1. The total events of motor vehicle accidents in Gyung-gi area for 4 years were 18,140 cases. The annual average rates of incidence, death and njury per 100,000 population were 124.5, 13.6 and 160.6 repectively. The above rates were higher in the urban area than in the rural area. On the other hand, the rates of incidence, death and injury tend to decrease annually.
2. The age specific rates of deaths and injuries per 100,000 population were 10.0 and 79.2, respcetively in the ages under 14, whereas 15.8 and 209.8, respectively in the ages above 15. Among total numbers of death and injured, the age group of under 14 constituted 27.7% and 18.6%, respectively.
3. The everage incidence of motor vehicle accidents per 1,000 vehicles registered was 297.7 events and the number of the death and the injured were 32.4 and 383.5 persons per 1,000 vehicles, respectively.
4. The average incidence, death and injury per 100,000 meters of road´s length were 105.1 cases, 11.5 and 135.6 persons, respectively. The above averages were higher in the urban than in the rural areas.
5. The average incidence, death and injury per 100km²of area were 41.4 cases, 4.5 and 53.4 persons, respectively. These averages also were larger in the urban than in the rural areas.
6. Setting the values in 1971 as baseline index 100, population, number of vehicles and population density were steadily increased, but both of events and rates per population of incidence, death and injury were decreased in cases and rate per 100,000 population, and there were no definite changes in road´s length and size of area.
7. The average numbers of the death and the injured from motor vehicle accidents were 109.0 and 1,289 persons per 1,000 accidents, respectively. On the other hand death versus injury was average 1:11.8.
8. The daily average of motor vehicle accidents in incidence was 12.4 events, that of death and injured were 1.4 and 16.0 persons, respectively. It Showed that the number of accidents was the greatest in July and August.
9. There were no definite differences in the incidence of motor vehicle accidents by the week days, but they happened somewhat more on Sunday and Monday.
10. The motor vehicle accidents occurred most frequently in the 12:00-18:00 o´clock by time.
11. The causes of motor vehicle accidents were classified 95.1% of drivers fault, 2.9% of pedestrians faults, 2.0% of poor maintenance.

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