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患者가 入院期間동안에 얻는 健康情報에 對한 調査硏究

A Survey on Health Information Attained during Hospitalization

공중보건잡지 1975년 12권 2호 p.418 ~ 427
김하숙,
소속 상세정보
김하숙 (  ) - 서울대학교 보건대학원

Abstract


This study was performed to find out the information needs of in-patients and the status of informations attained during hospitalization to provide basic data for health education program at hospital.
Two general hospitals located in Seoul were selected and 261 adult patients who have been hospitalized over 3days to 30 days interviewed from 5th Sept. to 26th Sept. 1975.
The results obtained were as follows:
1. Most (97.3%) of the patients attained health informations during hospitalization.
2. Counterparts of conversation showed physicians with 49.4%, relatives and friends with 20.7% and nurses with 19.5% respectively.
3. Approximately two third of the subjects responed that they have attained health informations sufficiently.
4. Contents of health informations attained revealed to be significant difference between conversation counterpart.
Nurses; causes of disease by 13.4% and methods of treatments and therapy by 13.0% level.
Physicians; the diagnosis by 26.1% and causes of disease by 23.0% level.
5. Degree of satisfaction on health informations attained revealed to be high.
No significant correlation between the degree of satisfaction and personal variables of the patient such as sex, educational status, experience of admission, duration of admission was revealed. However,significant difference was revealed with age; age group of 20-29 years showed the highest unsatisfaction (41.3%). The patients where family members were permitted to take care of during hospitalization showed significantly higher degree of satisfaction than patients hospitalized without family members.
6. Perception on opportunities of conversation; 55.9% of the subjects answered sufficient with nurses and 44.1% with physicians. The rate of satisfaction on opportunities of conversation were higher among patients with family members than without family members during hospitalization.
7. Half of the patients took initiatives of conversation with both counterparts; nurses with 53.3% and physicians with 51.1% level respectively.
8. Predischarge information needs showed; continuous treatment to be carried out at home were 37.9%, prevalent complications of present illness were 15.7%.
9. Both physicians and nurses revealed the utilization of visual aids during conversation showed very low among both conversation counterparts: drawings (1.9%) and patient´s chart (1.1%) for nurses, X-Ray films(6.8%) and drawings(4.9%) for physicians.
10. Recommandations revealed by the patients: For conversation with nurses: 26.4% of the patients wanted to hear more detailed explanation and 11.9% of them wanted organized and easy explantion. And those with physicians: 28.4% of the subjects wanted more opportunities for conversation and 23.4% of them wanted detailed explanation.

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