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看護學生들의 希望就業分野와 業務 分野別 看護員制度에 관한 調査硏究

A Study of Future Employment Plans and Specialty of Nursing of Senior Nursing Students

공중보건잡지 1976년 13권 1호 p.65 ~ 74
윤순녕,
소속 상세정보
윤순녕 (  ) - 서울대학교 보건대학원

Abstract


A survey was conducted on 454 senior students in three college programs and three nursing schools from September 1 to September 15, 1975.
The purpose was to determine the future supply of a nursing manpower.
The response rate from the six programs was 79.2 per cent.
A pretested questionnaire was used for the data collection. The distribution and frequency of the data were computed, and the Chi-squars test was performed. The analysis of the data showed the following findings.
1. 77.7 per cent of the students were graduated from high schools in large cities. The economic status of college nursing students was higher than that of the nursing school students. 53.3 per cent of all students plan to go abroad to work.
2. In terms of employment plans, 77.9 per cent of all students want to be a hospital nurse, while 23.9% of the nursing school students want to work in the operative and anesthesic room, 25.3% of college nursing students want to work in the nursery and pediatric word. Only 7.1% of all nursing students want to become a public health nurse. 37.5 percent of nursing school students and 48.3 per cent of college nursing students want to become a school health nurse.
3. The reasons among students for wanting to become a hospital nurse were; to apply nursing-48.8%, interesting job-26.4%, and easy employment-8.2%. The reasons for wanting to become P.H.N. among college nursing students were; to apply nursing, interesting job, reasonable salary-26.6%. Among nursing school students, the reasons for wanting to be a P.H.N. were; interesting job-68.8%, reasonable salary-26.4%, and to apply nursing-12.5%.
4. In terms of specializing, 46.3 percent of all nursing students want to become a nurse practitionor, and 24.2% percent of them would like to become a psychiatric nurse. The reasons among all students for wanting to become a nurse practitionor were; interesting job-57.3%, higher status-17.3%, and desire to go abroal 8.4 percent.
5. The nursing school students thought the nurse training was more interesting than did the college students(significant at the P<0.01 level.)
6. College nursing students received more lectures on public health and medical law, than did the nursing school students. (significant at the P<0.01 level) However, the nursing school students were more knowledgeable about the feasibility of becoming a nurse practitionor which had been legalized in 1973.(significant at the P>0.05 level.)
7. 16.3 percent of college nursing students want to become a militory training teacher.

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