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四年制 看護敎育課程分析

A Study on 4-year Nursing Curriculum (B.S.N. Program)

공중보건잡지 1976년 13권 1호 p.75 ~ 84
왕명자,
소속 상세정보
왕명자 (  ) - 서울대학교 보건대학원

Abstract


The National Medical Treatment Law, as revised in 1973, provides that only the graduates of B.S.N. Program and C.P.H.N. course are eligible to obtain the qualification of public health nurse.
The present study is intended to investigate the B.S.N. Program and C.P.H.N. course from the educational point of view of public health nurse, thereby providing data helpful for the curriculum operation of nursing education. 7 schools, each offers 4-year nursing course (B.S.N. Program) and nursing curriculum, were selected and comparative investigation was made with reference to the curriculum of C.P.H.N. The results obtained are summarized as follows:
A educational objectives
1. 4 schools codified the educational objective of nursing college and nursing department, 3 schools of which reflected part of the concept of community health and the rest 1 school set the objective of nursing education based on the concept of community health nursing.
2. Out of 5 medical colleges to which the nursing curriculum belings, 3 colleges showed codified objective of nursing education. However, nursing education was not reflected in the educational objectives of medical school on the college level.
3. 5 schools out of the 7 schhool demanded codified objective of the course of study. In the schools where the objective of B.S.N. Program and nursing curriculum is set, the objective of the course of study was also set in consistent with that of the curriculum
4. In the C.P.H.N. course, the objective was stated as behavioral objective and such behavioral objective was expressed in the B.S.N. Program of only 1 school.
B. Formulation of curriculum
1. The average total credit of the B.S.N. Program is ranging from 140 credits to 188.5 credits. The distribution ratio of general edcation and professional education is 23.9%-36.0% and 50.4%-69.3% respectively.
2. The B.S.N. Program reflects no seminar (32 hours) and teaching method (32 hours) of public health nurse which are the most important nursing curriculum included in the C.P.H.N. course. The B.S.N. Program provides very shorter school hours than the C.P.H.N. course in all subjects, except for the field of basic science.
3. Teaching materials, such as slide, film, opaque projector and overhead projector stereopticon, were available in 6 schools. Howeverm the frequency of their practical application was negligible.
4. The general evaluation of nursing curriculum has not been carried out since the B.S.N. Program was introduced 20 years ago. However, it was suggested that each subject is evaluated by students themselves after the end of each semester.
C. The Curriculum Committee is organized in 2 schools in order to attain the objective of each curriculum described above.
D. There was revealed no school which receives advice in the formulation of curriculum.
In order to materialize new nursing ideas based on the results summarized above, recommendations are made as follows:
1. The nursing course belonging to medical college should be upgraded to the college level.
2. The present curriculum should be reorganized on the basis of the education of community health nursing in order to meet the demand of community.
3. The Curriculum Committee should be organized for the development of nursing curriculum.
4. Sepcial budget should be formulated for the development of nursing curriculum and advice of specialists in nursing education should be accepted in the formulation of nursing curriculum.

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