잠시만 기다려 주세요. 로딩중입니다.

우리나라 人口의 死亡率에 關한 文獻考察

A Review on Mortality Data in Korea

공중보건잡지 1976년 13권 1호 p.163 ~ 172
이정숙, 洪在雄,
소속 상세정보
이정숙 (  ) - 서울대학교 保建大學院
洪在雄 (  ) - 서울대학교 保建大學院

Abstract


This survey reviews 39 mortality studies published after 1945 in Korea. The indexes of mortality used in this study are the crude death rate, age and sex specific death rate, expectation of life at birth, and maternal mortality rate, etc. The data on infant death rate were intentionally excluded to avoid duplication with on already reviewed paper. The mortality date were clissified in these three categories; registerd data, estimates, and sample survey data. The data were derived from population census, death registration, and sample surveys. The completeness of death registration and sample size are the major facors in determining the reliability of the data. Although the range of data is board, representative figures of each item are provided as follows.
1) It is obvious that all of the death rates were slowly declining. But sizeable differences were found among the registered data, eatimates, and sample survey data. Generally, the rates for all categories derived from the estimated data are highest.
2) The recent estimates of the crude death rate are approximately 10 per thousand population. However, the drude death rates survey in urban areas (primarily in Seoul) are around 5 per thousand population, and those in the rural areas are 7 to 8 per thousand.
3) The age specific death rates abruptly decline after the infant period, and continued at a lower level until the early forties. The increment of age specific death rate is gradual during the forties and fifties, but is quite abrupt after age sixty. The male has a higher death rate than the female in all ages, especially in older ages. The differance is 1 to 2 per thousand on the average.
4) Accordingly, the life expectancy at bitth was gradually increased. Recently, the life expectancy was determined as over 60 years for both, sexes. The life table based on the 1966 census shows a life expectancy of 61.9 years for both sexes, with 59.7 years for the male and 64.1 years for the female.
5) All of the data on maternal mortality were based on the records of several general hospitals. Because tremendous variations exist among the studies, the findings can not be generalized.

키워드

원문 및 링크아웃 정보

등재저널 정보