잠시만 기다려 주세요. 로딩중입니다.

看護學生들의 專門職 理念과 職業 現實에 對한 認識狀態에 關한 硏究

A Study on Perception of Nursing Professional Ideal and Occupational Reality for Nursing

공중보건잡지 1976년 13권 2호 p.183 ~ 192
이경식, 鄭文淑,
소속 상세정보
이경식 (  ) - 서울대학교 保建大學院
鄭文淑 (  ) - 서울대학교 保建大學院

Abstract


A study was carried out to identify the perceptions of nursing students enrolled in collegiate and diploma schools on professional nursing in relation to iedal and reality of nursing practice. The study population comprised of 105 senior students in baccalaureate and 120 senior students in diploma programs in three metropolitan cities excluding Seoul.
A written questionnaire was administered during the period from August 16 to Sept. 10, 1976. A semantic differential method with a 7 point scale was, used for data collection, composed of 12 to 15 semantic items for 13 concepts to measure the degree of perceptions for each area such as 1) nursing profession in general, 2) nursing education, 3) hospital nursing, 4) community nursing, 5) theory and practice, 6) variety of medical and nursing personnel engaged in practice and teaching.
The statistical procedure adopted for the study was a one-way analysis of variance and 5 percent alpha level was adopted for the significance.
Findings of the study are summarized as following:
1) Diploma nursing students appeared to perceive nursing profession in general more positively than baccalaureate students as the mean value of the diploma and baccalaureate students were 5.49 and 4.57 respectively (p<0.01).
2) For the nursing education, students in both programs appeared to have positive perception as the mean value was found to be 5.04. However, when two groups were compared the diploma students tend to show higher mean value (5.56) than the baccalaureate students (4.51). In other words, senior students in the baccalaureate program were found to be less possitive about nursing education than the senior students in the diploma program as the difference was statistically significant (p<0.01). In a detailed analysis of perceptional structure, the diploma students showed highest mean value on the importance of nursing education whereas the baccalaureate students gave the mean score of 3.95 which is very close to negative line. The latter seemed to perceive the nursing education a very cheap and insignificant one.
3) For the occupational reality of nursing the concepts of medical and nursing personnel were used to measure the perception of nursing practice situation as those were assumed to indirectly indicate the occupational reality. The related concepts used were nurses, doctors, chief nurse, nursing professors, nursing students, and patients. Diploma students, again, were more likely than baccalaureate students to have positive attitudes toward above mentioned concepts in order of highest mean values as following; ① students nurses, ② nurses, ③ doctors, ④ chief nurses, ⑤ nursing professors, and ⑥ patients. Both groups appeared to perceive themselves as nursing students very positively while they perceived the patients very negatively.
On the basis of findings presented above, the differences in perception of nursing students in two different level of basic nursing education were confirmed in relation to concepts in profession ideal of nursing, nursing education and occupational reality of nursing practice. In other words, the baccalaureate nursing students were less likely to have positive attitude toward nursing related concepts tested than the diploma students.
An interpretation was made for the above findings that the diploma nursing program, through its early exposure of students to practice situation might have contributed to the tendency in positive reaction of students to their perception on concepts tested.
In view of adjustment of potential nurses into future practice situation, an effort must be made to reduce the role conflicts between ideal and reality which may affect the quality of nursing care to consumers. In this regard, the readjustment of basic nursing curriculum of baccalaureate program is highly recommended.

키워드

원문 및 링크아웃 정보

등재저널 정보