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영幼兒 豫防接種에 對한 知議, 態度 및 實踐에 關한 硏究

A Study on K.A.P of Immunization of Infants in an Area of Seoul

공중보건잡지 1976년 13권 2호 p.231 ~ 238
이영자, 朴姸姬,
소속 상세정보
이영자 (  ) - 서울대학교 醫科大學 看護學科
朴姸姬 (  ) - 서울대학교 醫科大學 看護學科

Abstract


This study is to discuss the Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of immunization for 116 mothers, at the age of 20 to 44, with the babies of 0∼24 months, who came to Sueong-Dong Ku public health centher, Chung-Ku public health center, and 132 mothers living at Nan-Kok Area, Shin-Lim Dong, Kwan-Ak Ku, Seoul. This study was carried out from 25 July till 25 September, 1976.
1. Mothers´ age and educational basis are as the following: Age 25∼34 79.0%
average 28.6 yrs
Educational basis;primary school graduates 42.3%
2. Infants monthly age and sex are as the following:
Monthly age under 12 months, 81.7%;
Sex Male, 56.9%.
3. Birth order is as the following:
First baby, 38.3%
4. The group received prenatal care before delivery is 47.6%. 1∼3 times of prenatal care is 57.1%; average is 1.98 times.
5. The classification of perception for immunization is as the following:
Measles 87.5% Small-pox 89.5% B.C.G. 54.2% D. P. T. 52.7%
Their perception for immunization is much varied.
6. According to the statisical test, the mothers´ educational backgroud shows significant difference as place of delivery.
7. The knowledge of D.P.T. and small-pox shows the statistical significant difference according to their age.
8. According to the statistical test, the knowledge of B. C. G., Measles, Smallpox has a significant difference as birth order.
9. According to the statistical, the knowledge of D.P.T. and B.C.G. has a significant difference as prenatal care.
10. The mothers with higher educational background gave birth to their babies at hospitals and this shows that the mothers´ social and economic status has something to do with the birth place.
11. 97.9% of the mothers are of attitude that immunization is necessary.
12. The places for immunization are public health center (60.9%) and hospitals(25.5%).
13. B.C.G. vaccination rate is 44.8%.
D.P.T. vaccination rate is 82.1%.
Polio vaccination rate is 57.8%.
Measles vaccination rate is 18.9%.
Smallpox vaccination rate is 54.1%.
14. Vaccination rate of their babies is lower than that of the babies regis
tered at public health center and center for specia purposes.

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