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韓國農村家庭의 保健關聯 經濟實態

The Economic Status Relevant to Health Mainenance in Rural Family of Korea

공중보건잡지 1976년 13권 2호 p.246 ~ 258
문현경, 盧忍圭,
소속 상세정보
문현경 (  ) - 서울대학교 보건대학원
盧忍圭 (  ) - 서울대학교 보건대학원

Abstract


The maintenance of human health is largely influenced by their life environment, and the condition of the life environment are closely related with economic standard of a family.
This study was conducted in order to observe the economic situation and problems of various kinds of life environment relating to the health maintenance in rural family of Korea and to present, on the basis of these observations, the principles of the necessary measures for improvement.
The total number of households surveyed in this study was 4,108 (total number of family number 26,702). The study households were located in the 81 counties, out of a total 138 counties, where the college students conducted service activities during the summer of 1974. In each village area where these service activities were conducted, on household per student interviewer was randomly selected.
The main contents of the questionnaires form included address of each family, status relating to house possession, room temperature in winter, water supply, privy, use of human manure, sewage, radio, television-set, newspaper, electrified household, toothbrush, bathing and dietary life.
The results obtained by this study were as follows:
1. In the status of house possession 94.2% of the households surveyed had their own houses.
2. The proportions of households by the types of drinking water sources were 58.4% for well, 20.5% for pump, 12.2% for simplified piped water, 6.4% for ordinary piped water and 2.5% for stream.
3. The water sources were located inside the house boundary in 49.2% of the households.
4. In the status of privy possession, 91.4% of them had their own privies.
5. The styles of privies were condidted of stone (45.9%), cement (33.2%), drum (8.8%), brick (6.6%), crock (2.9%), conventional (2.5%) and pigpen (0.1%).
6. 98.3% of the privies were the dip-out type and 0.3% flushing type.
7. 3,717 out of a total households surveyed were farmhouses and 96.7% of them used human manure.
8. In the method of refuse disposal, 59.4% of the households surveyed dumped it at fixed places and 1.8% dumped it in the stream.
9. The most common place of bath was stream (44.6%), and most common frequency of bath per year was 11∼20 times (32.2% of the households).
10. The large proportion of the households (95.9%) responded to have toothbrushes.
11. 34.6% of the households were electrified.
12. 87.3% of them possessed radios, 20.3% subscribed newspapers and 3.7% possessed television sets.
13. On the current dietary life, 42.1% of them were satisfied it.
14. During last one week 26.5% of them didn´t consume any protein foods.
15. The fish were the most common source of their protein foods.

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