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一部 韓國靑年의 洋食에 따른 血液化學値의 硏究

A Study on the Blood Chemical Values of Korean Adult and the Effect of the Food Factor on Them

공중보건잡지 1977년 14권 1호 p.1 ~ 10
차승환, 蔡範錫,
소속 상세정보
차승환 (  ) - 서울대학교 보건대학원
蔡範錫 (  ) - 서울대학교 보건대학원

Abstract


The purpose of this study was to evaluate a variety of blood chemicals, hematological values and urinary nitrogen excretion which may be affected by dietary patterns in the same race. Two groups, study and comparison, were studied. The study group was 31 healthy KATUSA (Korean Augmentation Troops to United States Army) having the American type food pattern and ranging from 19 to 26 years old. The comparison group was 28 healthy Korean adults living in Seoul having the similar ages as the study group. The results were as follows:
1. The mean height, weight and arm circumference of the study group were 169.56±3.47㎝, 60.48±2.92㎏ and 26.85±2.01㎝, and the comparison group 168.76±2.92㎝, 59.57±6.64㎏ and 25.66±2.17㎝. No significant difference was found in height and weight between the two groups (p>0.05) but the arm circumference was significant difference (p<0.05).
2. The total calories, protein and fat were 3,143Kcal, 135.4gm, and 151.8gm, per person per day in the study group. Totals for the comparison group were 2,814. 75Kcal, 84.5gm. and 34.92gm., which shows greater than the recommended daily dietary allowance (RDA). The fat in the comparison group was less than RDA. Also the fat in the study group was more than 5 times of the comparison group.
3. The mean of blood total lipid and total cholesterol in the study group were 651.2±151.9mg/dl and 180.7±26.7mg/dl. Totals for the comparision group were 555.8±87.3mg/dl and 159.1±26.1mg/dl. However, there was statistically high significance difference between the both groups (p<0.01). The relationship between the American type food and duration for the food intake show that the blood total lipid and total cholesterol were increasing trend. In comparison group, the blood total lipid and total cholesterol were more increased than the level 15 years ago (p<0.01).
4. The mean serum total protein and blood urea nitrogen in the study group were 7.9±0.4gm/dl and 17.3±3.98mg/dl and the comparison were 8.0±0.4gm/dl and 14.6±2.68mg/dl. The total protein level was not significance(p>0.05) between the two groups, but highly significant in blood urea nitrogen (p<0.01).
5. The mean hemoglobin, hematocrit and MCHC of the study group were 15.3±0.9gm/dl, 46.9±2.9% and 32.6±1.3% and the comparison group were 14.4±1.0gm/dl, 44.1±3.4% and 32.5±1.3% There was a high significance in the hemoglobin and hematocrit comparing the two groups (p<0.01) but MCHC was not (p>0.05).
6. The mean values of urea nitrogen/creatinine ratio and urea nitrogen/creatinine nitrogen ratio in urinary excretion of the study group were 4.8±0.2 and 13.1±0.4, and the comparison group 5.1±0.4 and 13.7±0.6. These were not significant comparing the study group with the comparison group (p>0.05).
These data support the hypothesis that dietary habits affect blood chemical composition which, over a lifetime, may be associated with health problems.

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