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청소년들의 치주건강과 관련된 위험요인

Risk factors related to periodontal health of adolescents

대한구강보건학회지 2020년 44권 3호 p.144 ~ 150
김지수, 김세연, 변민지, 전은주, 정승화, 김진범,
소속 상세정보
김지수 ( Kim Ji-Soo ) - Pusan National University School of Dentistry Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry
김세연 ( Kim Se-Yeon ) - Pusan National University School of Dentistry Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry
변민지 ( Byon Min-Ji ) - Pusan National University School of Dentistry Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry
전은주 ( Jun Eun-Joo ) - Pusan National University School of Dentistry Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry
정승화 ( Jeong Seung-Hwa ) - Pusan National University School of Dentistry Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry
김진범 ( Kim Jin-Bom ) - Pusan National University School of Dentistry Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry

Abstract


Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the risk factors related to periodontal health in middle school and high school adolescents.

Methods: This study was conducted using data from the Sixth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES, 2013-2015). Among the 22,948 participants in the Sixth KNHANES, 1,222 participants (aged 12-18 years) who completed the systemic and oral health examinations and questionnaires were included in this study. Independent variables related to demographic socioeconomic status and oral health-related behaviors were the following: age, gender, household income, frequency of daily toothbrushing, smoking, alcohol drinking, annual dental visit, and periodontal treatment. The dependent variables were the prevalence of gingival bleeding or calculus and the number of sextants with gingival bleeding or calculus..

Results: Among the total participants, 34.1% were diagnosed with prevalence of gingival bleeding or calculus, and periodontal health was found to be at its worst at 17 years of age (41.6% of participants). Moreover, household income, alcohol drinking, annual dental visits, and frequency of daily toothbrushing were related to prevalence and the number of sextants with gingival bleeding or calculus. The adjusted odds ratio (aOR) for prevalence of gingival bleeding or calculus by alcohol consumption, toothbrushing less than twice per day, and number of DMFT were 5.00 (95% CI: 2.24- 11.18), 2.21 (95% CI: 1.21-4.04), and 1.09 (95% CI: 1.02-1.17), respectively.

Conclusions: To prevent periodontal disease among adolescents, it is necessary to improve oral health-related behavior and its associated factors and continuous oral health education.

키워드

Adolescents; Calculus; Gingival bleeding; Periodontal health

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