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한국 성인의 전신건강과 구강건강행동 및 상태가 삶의 질에 미치는 영향

The effect of general health status, oral health behavior and status on quality of life in Korea adults

대한구강보건학회지 2020년 44권 3호 p.158 ~ 165
정호진, 김예황, 윤정원, 오상환, 윤현서, 이민경, 이정화,
소속 상세정보
정호진 ( Jeong Ho-Jin ) - Taegu Science University Department of Dental Hygiene
김예황 ( Kim Ye-Hwang ) - Dong-Eui University Department of Dental Hygiene
윤정원 ( Yun Jung-Won ) - Dong-Eui University Department of Dental Hygiene
오상환 ( Oh Sang-Hwan ) - Konyang University College of Medical Science Department of Dental Hygiene
윤현서 ( Yoon Hyun-Seo ) - Dong-Eui University Department of Dental Hygiene
이민경 ( Lee Min-Kyung ) - Dong-Eui University Department of Dental Hygiene
이정화 ( Lee Jung-Hwa ) - Dong-Eui University Department of Dental Hygiene

Abstract


Objectives: The purpose of this study was to analyze the relations between general health status, oral health behavior, oral health status, and quality of life, as well as the mediating effects of oral health behavior and oral health status.

Methods: Subjects aged ≥19 years participated in a health questionnaire in the third year of the Japanese National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2015).

Results: Analysis of the overall path of periodontal disease showed that respiratory and circulatory diseases and oral health behaviors had statistically significant indirect effects on quality of life through the mediation of oral health behavior and oral health conditions, while analysis of the overall trend of the decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) index showed significant indirect effects on quality of life through mediation between oral and oral health conditions. As a result of these analyses, the association of general health status with quality of life, and its effect thereon, were confirmed through the intermediary of oral health behaviors and oral health conditions.

Conclusions: Therefore, further research is needed on the relation of general diseases to oral health management. Special oral health departments need to be established in both general and university hospitals, and dental hygienists in charge of oral care need to be deployed to improve oral health for general diseases. Manuals and systems for oral health management and oral health promotion need to be developed for certified dental hygienists in Japan, specifically for each systemic disease. For example, hygienists should have guidance on the oral health practices that help in the prevention of diabetes.

키워드

General health; Oral health; Quality of life

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