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Oral rehabilitation of Papillon?Lefevre syndrome patients by dental implants: a systematic review

대한구강악안면외과학회지 2020년 46권 4호 p.220 ~ 227
Atarbashi-Moghadam Fazele, Atarbashi-Moghadam Saede, Kazemifard Setare, Sijanivandi Soran, Namdari Mahshid,
소속 상세정보
 ( Atarbashi-Moghadam Fazele ) - Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences Dental School Department of Periodontics
 ( Atarbashi-Moghadam Saede ) - Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences Dental School Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology
 ( Kazemifard Setare ) - Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences Research Institute of Dental Sciences Dental Research Center
 ( Sijanivandi Soran ) - Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences Research Institute of Dental Sciences Dental Research Center
 ( Namdari Mahshid ) - Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences School of Dentistry Community Oral Health Department

Abstract


Objectives: Papillon?Lefevre syndrome (PLS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder. These patients lose their teeth at a young age and are in need of prosthetic rehabilitation. The aim of this systematic review was to assess the success of dental implant placement in these patients.

Materials and Methods: An electronic search was performed in PubMed Central, Scopus, and Web of Science using the keyword “Papillon?Lefevre syndrome” AND “dental implant” OR “prosthodontics”. Articles reporting implant placement in patients with PLS until July 2019 were included.

Results: Assessment of the included 11 articles reporting 15 cases showed 136 implant placements in these patients. Implant failure occurred in 3 patients (20 implants). The peri-implantitis and failure rate was higher in the maxilla. Meta-analysis showed the probability of failure to be 7% (95% confidence interval [CI] 0%-31%) for maxillary implants and 2% (95% CI 0%-9%) for mandibular implants. The follow-up time ranged between 1 and 20 years. Healing after bone graft and implant placement in these patients was uneventful.

Conclusion: Dental implants may be a viable treatment option for PLS patients. Implantation can help preserve alveolar bone if the patients’ immuno-logical and growing conditions are well-considered and proper oral hygiene and compliance with the maintenance program are continued.

키워드

Papillon?Lefevre syndrome; Dental implants; Oral rehabilitation; Prosthodontics; Rapid progressive periodontitis

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